Arthur Miller's playwrights are an astonishing work of art to the theatre culture. His most notable epic pieces of dramas are A View from the Bridge, All My Sons, Death of a Salesman, and The Crucible. During Millers lifetime, Death of a Salesman and The Crucible are his most prized dramas. Miller's dedication and hard work shows up in these two works which he has been most known for in the theatre culture. Death of a Salesman and The Crucible, two powerful dramas by Arthur Miller, explore the themes of appearance versus reality, politics, and the narrow mindedness of society.
One theme that shows importance in one of Arthur Miller's work in Death of a Salesman is appearance versus reality. Willy Loman, who is a main character in Miller's novel, is delusional and unstable. Loman is going through a terrible reminisce of his life. Willy's imagined conversations with his dead brother Ben demonstrate his fragile grip on reality. Willy's mind is full of delusions about his own abilities and accomplishments and the abilities and accomplishments of his sons (Spampinato 67). Loman has two sons, Biff and Happy. Willy has alienated his oldest son, Biff (Walsh).
At the end of the play, each son responds differently to the reality of his fathers suicide. Biff and Happy share their father's tendency to concoct grand schemes for themselves and think of themselves as superior to others without any real evidence that the schemes will work or that they are indeed superior. Happy, who has previously appeared of being more well-grounded in reality but still hoping for something better. Happy pledges to achieve the dream his father has failed to do so. In fact, Happy falls into his fathers thought pattern (Spampinato 68). "Including martial fidelity, then this one lesson in reality should have set Biff on the right course." But in fact, Biff is sent off the deep end (Walsh). Biff realizes his father "didn't know who he was", and his father's unrealistic dreams usher him away from the satisfaction he could have found if he pursues a goal the reflected his talents, such as a career in carpentry (Spampinato 68). Loman's tragedy is not that he can not make any money being a salesman any longer, or that his oldest son, Biff, thinks he is a fake, but Biff has accepted him. However attention must not be paid to Willy but to the circumstances that make him into a largely detestable self-deluded figure. Even in his dreams, the "ideology of a way of life is killing him and his family." Willy can no longer make a living off of being a salesman. So, "Loman has diluted himself and his family about every aspect of life" (Walsh). Arthur Miller has his wife famously declare:
"I don't say he's a great man. Willy Loman never made a lot of money. His name was never in the paper. He's not the finest character that every lived. But he's a human being, and a terrible thing is happening to him. So attention must be paid. He's not allowed to fall into his grove like an old dog. Attention,...