The Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
Republic Act 9275
Salient Features of the Act
The State shall pursue a policy of economic growth in a manner consistent with the protection, preservation and revival of a quality of our fresh, brackish and marine waters. . To achieve this end, the framework for sustainable development shall be pursued. As such, it shall be the policy of the State to:
1. Streamline processes and procedures in the prevention, control and abatement of pollution of the country’s water resources;
2. Promote environmental strategies, use of appropriate economic instruments and of control mechanisms for the protection of water resources;
3. Formulate a holistic national program of water quality management that recognizes that water quality management issue cannot be separated from concerns about water sources and ecological protection , water supply, public health and quality of life;
4. Formulate an integrated water quality management framework through proper delegation and effective coordination of functions and activities;
5. Promote commercial and industrial processes and products that are environment friendly and energy- efficient;
6. Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among citizen and industries through the application of incentives market-based instruments and to promote the role of private industrial enterprises in shaping its regulatory profile within the acceptable boundaries of public health and environment;
7. Provide for a comprehensive management program for water pollution focusing on pollution prevention;
8. Promote public information and education to encourage the participation of an informed and active public in water quality management and monitoring; and
9. Formulate and enforce a system of accountability for short and long term adverse environmental impact of a project, program or activity.
10. Encourage civil society and other sectors, particularly labor, the academe and business undertaking environment-related activities in their efforts to organize, eradicate and motivate the people in addressing pertinent environmental issue and problems at the local and national levels.
Salient Features of the Philippine Clean Air Act
The State shall pursue a policy of balancing development and environmental protection. To achieve this end, the framework for sustainable development shall be pursued. As such, it shall be the policy of the State to:
Formulate a holistic national program of air pollution that shall be implemented by the government through proper delegation and effective coordination of function and activities; Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among citizen and industries through the application of incentives market-based instruments; Focus primarily on pollution prevention rather than on control and provide for a comprehensive management program on air pollution; Promote public information and education to encourage the participation of an informed and active public in air quality planning...