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Article Review: The Teen Brain

1178 words - 5 pages

The article under review in this paper is 'Neurodevelopment: How does the teen brain work?' by Kendall Powell (2006). this article appears to be credible based on the following: although the author is a freelance science writer, his work lead one to believe he knows what he is talking about. In addition, he provides several supportive resources to back up his topics. He has several other articles and writings available on the internet. However, while no educational background is available, he writing experience extends to PLoS, HHMI Bulletins, and the Los Angeles Times to name a few. Powell is associated with Nature Publishing Group (NPG), who publishes scholarly articles for academic and daily life audiences. This particular article was published online August 23,2006 and in Journal on August 24, 2006. Based on the information in the article along with further research, this article appears to follow most current data from 2000 to 2008 and covered facts supported by other resources. this author's point of view appears to be impartial as nowhere in the article does he show or share any bias opinions or thoughts. However, while the article provides extensive information in most topics and or subjects addressed, it was marginally covered and could have provided more in-depth data and information.
The author is attempting to send the message to and educate his readers on the development of an adolescent's brain and that the brain of a teenager is by far more complicated and complex than that of a child and or adult. For example, the brain develops quicker from birth to approximately three years of age when a massive production of nerve cells and synapse connections occur. However, at this point a process known as myelination begins to remove the weaker nerve cells and synapse connections to allow the stronger more stabilized nerve cells and synapse connection to increase (Spinks, 2000). Whereas, all bodily functions depends on the neurotransmissions of the nerve cells and synapse connections, when these cells and connections die, removal is the only option to assure the functions such as memory and cognition continue. The frontal cortex is responsible for cognitive functions such as planning, action execution, and impulse control. By the time a child reaches the age of puberty his or her brain resembles an adult brain in context of weight, size, areas of the brain specific to certain functions, and folding. However, the development of the brain is incomplete (Powell, 2006).
Although, the brain of a teenager resembles and even acts like an adult brain, the one difference is that a teenage brain lacks cognitive maturity (Powell, 2006). During the teenage years, as nerve cells fight to survive, synapse connections become rewired and upgraded to other parts of the brain creating more complexity in the teenage brain. Studies show that teenagers tend to overuse the frontal cortex because they have trouble stopping impulsive reaction. Therefore,...

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