Article Xx´S Degree Of Satisfaction To Permit The Employment Of Appropiate Regulatory Action

1735 words - 7 pages

Exceptions under the GATT Treaty of 1947, as adopted wholly into the GATT Treaty of 1994 have over the years were subject to substantial degree of debate. The said exceptions are in regards to a comprehensive list of ten conditions to which the contracting party or parties subject to the Treaty can move away from the terms of the rest of the Treaty. This essay will seek to scrutinize the degree to which Article XX is satisfactory to permit the employment of appropriate regulatory action on the part of a WTO member.
Article XX is to the end that it would not be practical and further be unacceptable for any given sovereign states to advocate for free trade over and above other policy trepidations and to further award the WTO dispute resolution system unconditional supremacy in its national policy-making. Article XX is thus to some extent advocating for negotiations for reservations to be applied by the parties with regards to the Treaty. This is in an attempt to safeguard their autonomous rights in a comprehensive list of the fore-mentioned ten policy areas.
On the other hand, SPS Agreements have come up to establish a common and consistent framework for rules that are meant to guide the development as well as the adoption and lastly the enforcement of any measures that are taken to protect human, animal and or plant life or health. These in the Agreement are referred to as the sanitary and or photo-sanitary measures. These have been defined as so as they pertain to issues with regards to food safety and include any measures that may be applied to protect human and or animal life or health that are to be within the territory of member states. These said risks could be those arising from either additive, contaminants, toxins as well as any disease causing organisms that may be present in foods, beverages as well as feedstuffs.
To this end there is the realization that in trying to resolve the issues between country A and B, it is apparent there is need to refer to these principles and rules. These are sovereign states to which end they are subject to the rules and regulations as spelt out by the GATT Treaty as well as the rules set up in the SPS Agreement.
This has been afforded by provision of maneuvers for member states; this is in recognition that if any exception was too lenient it would have a capacity to undermine the core value of the WTO. Signatory states can thus be deemed to respect the GATT through ratification and further by adhering to its exceptions if they do not limit their legitimate acts.
These said exceptions are grouped in three broad areas. The first one is the inherent limit, which is in regards to types of exemptions, secondly are restrictions that are contained in the lettered paragraphs and lastly as explained in the chapeau which has provisions for actions have neither to be arbitrary, nor unjustifiable and thirdly they are to be disguised restrictions with regards to international trade.
There have however been...

Find Another Essay On Article XX´s Degree of Satisfaction to Permit the Employment of Appropiate Regulatory Action

Costomer´s Satisfaction on the Implementation of Ladies Coach for KTM Komuter

1914 words - 8 pages PROPOSAL 1. Title: Customers’ satisfaction on the implementation of ladies coach for KTM Komuter. INTRODUCTION What is Ladies Coach? Ladies Coach is a coach that been reserved only for lady passengers when they are using KTM Komuter Service. The Ladies Coach Icon: The reason Ladies Coach was introduced to the public: It has been introduced just to provide female customers the comfortable and safe journey. It’s also to avoid the risk of

District of Columbia v. Heller: The Use and Permit of Handguns

1955 words - 8 pages . Before this number is less than million, but it rapidly increases to as many as eleven million over the last few years. However, with the increase number of handgun licenses to citizen more guns related crimes also seem to follow this trend, according to Jonsson in his article "Gun Debate: Is Price of an Armed America a More Dangerous America?" After an incident like the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, more proposed laws about gun

The Attainment Of Inner Satisfaction

1623 words - 6 pages William Shakespeare; the characters become egocentric as they hunger more and more for the outcome that will make them feel content. The characters portray realistic traits that express the philosophy that to gain self-fulfillment an individual's values change and with that, they transform into an unsympathetic and narcissistic person. As an matter of fact; to attain inner satisfaction individuals become very selfish, impetuous and ignorant of others

Affirmative Action: Michigan´s Law that Bans Use of Racial Criteria in Admissions to Public Universities

1374 words - 6 pages Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, which overturned 1896 “separate but equal” segregation of the races Plessy v Fergusson case, became the United States landmark case. President John F. Kennedy established the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity in his Executive Order 10925 of March 1961, making a reference to the term affirmative action. In July 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed The Civil Acts Right, which prohibited

The Perpetuation of Subordination - Challenges to Aboriginal Employment Opportunities

1815 words - 7 pages pass [to entry level employment], they need an upgrade” (108). He speaks of how the need for affirmative action will eventually end as “the so-called mainstream is now almost as diverse as the society itself” (107). It assumes that the biggest reasons for affirmative action are - or are being - resolved. While Canada’s Aboriginals are underrepresented in management positions (see Appendix A), they are not seeing significant change in their

Contribute To The Recruitment, Selection And Induction Of Employment

1742 words - 7 pages , would be an inefficient method. The reason for this is that the centres would concentrate on testing Mathematical and English abilities which are not the most important skills within the building trade.As Build House Ltd have never dealt with the selection process before, there is no set procedure. The two most popular methods area. CVb. Application FormsThe benefit of using C.V.'s is that the company does not need to prepare any documents. The

The Degree of the President's Power

1365 words - 5 pages , with the advice and consent of the Senate appoint ambassadors and other public ministers, judges of the Supreme Court, and in general all officers of the United States established by law.” (U.S Constitution, Article 2 Section2) Therefore, many of the decisions that a president decides to make must be advised and approved by members of the Congress or by other government authorities. The sole opinion of the president is rarely used in making

study of regulatory affairs

994 words - 4 pages Introduction: The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry today is considered highly progressive industry among India's science-based industries with wide ranging capabilities in the field of drug manufacture and technology. India is considered to be global powerhouse of generic drugs. However, it is now witnessing regulatory challenges like delays in clinical trial approvals, uncertainties over the FDI policy, a uniform code for sales and

The Value of a College Degree

1110 words - 5 pages , race or gender, selection of institution, and parental resources. The general hypothesis of this study is “Is a College Degree Still the Great Equalizer?” This issue was the source of study by Florencia Torche at New York University. Using different cohort groups and conducting various survey methods, this study was able measure the effects of certain college degrees (i.e. bachelors vs. advanced degrees, field of study, etc.) as they relate to

Propose modifications to the social environment to facilitate the satisfaction of the elderly's needs

770 words - 3 pages An elderly person's needs include: access to services, education, employment, financial support, health, housing, security and safety, self esteem and sense of identity. Access to resources is a big issue for the aged population. Some main problems which affect elderly accessing resources are: having a disability, their education level, where they live, their ethnicity or culture, their gender and their socio economic status. Often the aged

The General Theory of Employment

1127 words - 5 pages This article is a response to certain criticism of the General Theory, as well as a re-exposition of Keynes’ ideas regarding where he diverges from Classical theory. He explains how uncertainty results in interest and money functioning differently than the Classical model assumes, and these differences lead to very different conclusions about effective demand, aggregate output, and employment. Among the criticisms of the General Theory, Keynes

Similar Essays

The University Of Waterloo´S Experiential Education To Help Undergraduate Students Recieve Employment

1565 words - 7 pages in higher education from the private sector is a clear indicator that those seeking higher education see their decision to do so as an economic investment. The increasing number of today’s students are seeking to concentrate their studies in subjects they consider relevant to their futures, and that ideally might help them in employment opportunities upon graduation, has sparked nationwide departments in pre-professional and technical education

"Why Do You Think The U.S. Was The Last Nation In The Industrialized World To Permit The Institution Of Slavery?"

693 words - 3 pages taxation without representation.' With all this in mind, why do you think the U.S. was the last nation in the industrialized world to permit the institution of slavery?Essay:Slavery has been a problem since the beginning of time. So why should the American colonies be any different? Slavery was introduced into the "new world" in 1606, and it grew rapidly in the south until the time of the revolutionary war in 1775. It then continued until 1865

Analysis Of Michael Levin´S Article The Case Of Torture

1087 words - 5 pages on the action of wreak havoc. We need to look at the scenario of a war. People will never say that it is immoral or bad to let our soldiers kill or inflict pain on the enemies in a war because we know that it is the only way to make secure and safeguard our nation's freedom and the lives of our country men. The motives are very clear as mentioned in the article. Thus it‘s justifiable to let our soldiers kill those who want to harm the lives

Enter The Next Realm To A World Of Satisfaction

1691 words - 7 pages that anything which may consist of people getting spoiled with luxuries is enough to lose the satisfaction factor in an action. He views technology as more of a luxury than a resource which could help yield better results. I disagree with his views because personally I think technology works as a catalyst to fuel a different realm of satisfaction. A realm where, past the hardship of natural conditions and sweat there is a stream of creation