Artificial Organ For Transplant And Therapeutic Protein

753 words - 3 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed

Artificial organ for transplant
The next application of animal biotechnology in pharmaceutical is artificial organ for transplant. Organ transplant can be defined as “a surgical operation where a failing or damaged organ in the human body is removed and replaced with a new one” (Paul, Valapour, Bartele, Abbott-Penny, & Kahn, 2004, p.5). According to Paul, Valapour, Bartele, Abbott-Penny, and Kahn (2004), example of organs that can be transplanted are skin, cornea and bone marrow that are less invasive but require specialized procedures. Cooper and Ayares (2012) mentioned that xenotransplantation is cross-species organ transplantation from animal to treat human. Furthermore, every year human need organs, tissues and cells for transplantation but lack in number of deceased human organs, so the interest of using organs and cells from animal species are rises continuously (Cooper & Ayares, 2012). Other than that, Houdebine, Lena and Burachik (2012) had stated that the most likely species for clinical transplantation into human is pig. In human heart surgery, the pig heart valves have been used for almost 30 years and in 1960’s, the best result was achieved when a chimpanzee’s kidney was transplanted into one patient who lived for nine months after the surgery (Nairne et al., 1996).
There are few reasons to some people who need transplant for their organs. First, they were born with a structural abnormality of an organ. For example, congenital heart defect or biliary artresia that make a child require to undergo liver transplant. Next, nobody is perfect since some people was born with disease due to inherited disorder from their parents or some mutation happens in their genes that causes an organ fail to function well. Then the last reason was they easily got illness such as simply catching cold or flu that affect the heart’s muscle ability to contract and result them to have a heart transplant as earlier as they could (Transplant Australia, n.d.). Hence, artificial organ is very important to prevent life support so that imminent death while awaiting a transplant can be prevented (Paul, Valapour, Bartele, Abbott-Penny, & Kahn, 2004).

Therapeutic proteins
Therapeutic protein is one of the application in pharmaceutical that can help to improve human life in the future. According to Pohlmeier and Eenennaam (2008), facilities to manufacture human therapeutic proteins are expensive to construct, operate and maintain compare to animals. Besides, the production of recombinant proteins in the milk and blood of transgenic animals are less costly to yield therapeutic...

Find Another Essay On Artificial organ for transplant and Therapeutic protein

This essay describes a student nurse's experience of caring for someone in I.T.U. and the Law, Ethics and Therapeutic Use of Self issues related to this experience.

1982 words - 8 pages -life decision making, resuscitation often occurs by default, with less than optimal patient outcome(An Ethical Analysis of, pdf).Therapeutic use of selfEmotional support. Families needed reassurance. They need to feel the staffcared about them. In most wards family visitation times are usually restricted to those of immediate for family members and have very restricted hours. The locked, double doors say "keep out" to family...

A Comparison of Medical Transplants and Organ Donation in Canada and China

1410 words - 6 pages recipients than organ donors. Many people lose their life every day because they do not find donors for their organ transplantation. China and Canada are one of those countries which have the highest medical transplantation rate in the world. According to some recent organ transplant survey report, China is one of those countries who run largest organ transplant programs in the world. Some other survey reports also show that there are a huge...

Cloning Human Organs

1299 words - 5 pages . “How to Pay For an Organ Transplant Surgery.” All About Surgery. About.com, 12 Sept. 2013. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. . Murnaghan, Ian. “Therapeutic Cloning.” Understanding Stem Cell Research and Treatments. Explore Stem Cells, 4 Feb. 2014. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. . “The Need Is Real: Data.” Welcome to organdonor.gov. Health Resources...

Therapeutic vs. Reproductive Cloning

1679 words - 7 pages cloning spans more than 100 years dating back to 1885, and still going strong today. In general, there are two main purposes for cloning: therapeutic or reproductive. Reproductive cloning is performed with the intent of making a complete organism. Therapeutic cloning is performed to harvest stem cells for use in medical treatment, such as cloning organs for transplant. There are benefits and consequences for each process that have sparked ethical and...

Artificial Organs: A Step Toward Safer Living

726 words - 3 pages .Artificial organs are synthetic devices that replace injured or weakened body parts and functions. Similarly, engineered bioartificial organs serve the same purpose of organ replacement, but are produced using human cells. Xenotransplants, on the other hand, are obtained or grown using animal organs, tissues, and cells - particularly those of pigs and baboons. Despite these advances in transplant technology, patients still face the problem...

Giving Life After Death

1311 words - 5 pages donate the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, pancreas, small intestine, corneas, skin, veins, heart valves, tendons, ligaments, and bones (Transplant). Many people are waiting for these life-saving transplants, but sadly, most will not live long enough to receive a transplant due to so few donors (Transplant). In fact, 18 waiting recipients will die each day due to lack of organ donations (Organ, WomensHealth). A lot of people refuse to become organ...

Organ Donation and its Importance

2220 words - 9 pages special phone call. You could be the next person to change someones life forever and ever. Organ donation is not only a self-fulfilling act of kindness, but if more people were to donate it’s effect it would have on others lives will have them ever grateful. Many people my have heard of Organ Donation but, do they really know what it means? Organ donation is the process in which human organs are obtained for transplant surgery. Most organs come...

Organ transplant - general facts

1408 words - 6 pages required to be done too. Organ transplant is not elixir for all the organ problems.By performing the organ transplant, the patient who might die due to organ failure has another chance to survive. Organ transplants have been done in the United States since the 1950s. Transplantation is continually evolving and is more successful today than ever before. The long-term success rates for organ transplants vary by the type...

The Development of Gene Manipulation

1617 words - 6 pages including Erythromycin and Vancomycin. Other medications that have been developed include Migrastatin and Geldanamycin, the anticancer compounds. Manipulation and cloning allows these new antibiotic forms to be mass produced and replace the current supply of ineffective antibiotics (Alduina & Gallo, 2012). As a solution to these problems, artificial chromosome-based vectors were designed. These vectors allow genetic information for secondary...

The Importance of Promoting Organ Donations

1211 words - 5 pages Around the globe thousands of people are placed on a waiting list to receive an organ transplant, for some people the waiting process can be very long, and for others it can be short. To many people having someone give a gift of an organ donation is known has a second chance, a fresh start, and a new beginning at living a normal life again. Every year people on the wait list increase in numbers due to lack of organ donation shortages...

The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

1046 words - 4 pages beneficiaries from stem cell research also includes patients suffering from diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, cancer and Parkinson's disease” (Ballargo & Spargue, 2011). This means it is proven that the key to cure all those diseases may lay in stem cell research. Subsequently, the use of therapeutic cloning has the potential to bring new solutions to organ transplants the medical field. For instance “Stem cells created using therapeutic cloning could...

Similar Essays

Organ Transplant and Donation Essay

1897 words - 8 pages Coronary Artery Disease, or abnormalities and defects such as biliary atresia, can all disrupt the function of human organs (“Transplant Australia”, n.d ). Thankfully, through radical advancements in modern medicine, organ transplants are a safe and highly viable option to restore the human body’s perfect harmony. No matter the reason for organ failure, once it occurs, the patient’s journey to receiving a new organ begins. Through the matching...

Newborns and Infants in Need of Organ Transplant

1392 words - 6 pages suffering. Others might argue the fact that there is no way of knowing if B would be harmed, but it is clear that being alive is not benefitting her in any way. She has no chance of living a life with real relationships and experiences. B might live a few more days, but it would be of no benefit to her. It might be a loss for others, essentially her parents, but not for her. By allowing such organ donations, the parents would be able to seek...

Is Whey Protein the way to go?-Research Paper on the benefits and drawbacks of using whey protein for weight training.

3045 words - 12 pages from cow's milk. Casein is the other protein obtained threw cow's milk. Casein accounts for eighty percent of the protein found in cow's milk while whey only accounts for twenty percent. However whey protein is the most beneficial protein out of the two. Actually whey proteins are the best source of protein known to man. The other types of protein such as wheat, egg, casein, bovine colostrums, and ovalbumin do not have the excellent metabolic...

Study of New Biotinylated Analogue of Dequalinium for Protein Kinase C??Inhibition and Identification of the Binding Sites

2027 words - 8 pages Specific Aims Protein Kinase Cα (PKCα) is well known for its role in cellular signaling pathways that govern normal cell growth and differentiation. Due to its role in tumor formation and metastasis, PKC is being studied as a target for new chemotherapeutic agents. From 1987, Dequalinium (DECA) (quinolinium, 1,1’-(1,10-decanediyl)-bis(4-amino-2-methyl diiodie) has been studied as potent antitumor agent that recognizes several isoforms of...