Artists And Art And Learning During The Renaissance

2775 words - 11 pages

"The new excitement about human potential spilled over into many areas of Renaissance life. It helped to stimulate great artistic and intellectual achievements the European continent." This is a quote from our seventh grade social studies book and the basis of this report."Painting, sculpture, architecture, and allies arts produced in Europe in thehistorical period called the Renaissance. Broadly considered, the period covers the 200 years between 1400 and 1600, although specialists disagree on exact dates. The word renaissance literally means "rebirth" and is the French translation of the Italian rinascita. The two principal components of Renaissance style are the following: a revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and a renewed vitality and spirit emphasizing the diverse qualities of humanity. The Renaissance period in art history corresponds to the beginning of the great Western age of discovery and exploration, when a general desire developed to examine all aspects of nature and the world." This information was taken from Funk and Wagnalls New Encyclopedia.There are many different areas of the Renaissance including the following: The Renaissance of Italy, The Renaissance in Northern Europe, and The Renaissance in Spain.The Renaissance first developed in Italy. "The example of the ancient Greeks and Romans was constantly available to the Italians- their language, which was only codified about 1300, had evolved from the Latin of the Romans, and in addition, Italy had on its man architectural forms were found in almost every town and city. Roman sculpture, particularly in the form of marble sarcophagi covered with reliefs, had been familiar for centuries.The Renaissance in Northern Europe, features late Gothic culture that was coexistent with the discoveries and changing view toward humans and their world, that were also characteristics of the Italian Renaissance. In northern countries like Germany and England, people were slow to accept the new culture of the Renaissance and even slower still in allowing it to become outdated.In Spain, painters during the Renaissance never achieved the modernity that had been found in northern Europe and Italy, even though their art completely relied on theses two traditions. The Spanish had imported painters and sculptors to work on most of their important and decorative work. "Even in the 16th century, Titan was the leading painter of the Spanish court, although he was not actually present there. In their architecture, a fully renaissance structure wasn't built until late in the century.In the beginning of Renaissance sculpture sculptors led the way in introducing the new Renaissance forms early in the 15th century. There were three Florentines, who were originally goldsmiths, made crucial changes. They were Filippo Brunelleschi, Lorenzo Ghiberti, and Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi.Brunelleschi was the eldest of the three, and is known for developing linear...

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