Though the novel is undeniably about the twins; Esthappen and Rahel, who can be considered as the protagonists of the novel and the narrative view of the authoress, intrinsically this novel is an argument for and against the good and evil in society with special reference to women.
The novel throws light on some important things of life like how love is always associated with sadness, how a person’s childhood experiences affect his/her perspectives and whole life. The novel shows the ugly face of people and society as a whole, a vivid description of the black and sarcastic world especially with reference to women that dwells around us.
The God of small thins highlights the position of women folk in India. It presents before us the constant struggle of women against their incessant exploitation, torture and struggle which they undergo because of the male dominated conservative society.
In the novel “The God Of Small Things”, there are three generations of women. Each of them was born and raised under different circumstances. Each of them was born and raised under different circumstances. Starting from the oldest generation, there is Mammachi, then the generation of Ammu, and the youngest generation is Rahel. These women live according to the prevailing customs of Hinduism. Susan Wadley and Doranne Jacobson conclude that according to Hindu culture, there are dual views on women. First, woman is considered benevolent and bestower, second view is that, woman is aggressive, malevolent and a destroyer.
Maachi’s family although they are Syrian Christians, since they live in India, they cannot avoid being influenced by Hinduism. Mammachi lives under the control of men. She got married in puberty with a man seventeen-years older to her who has nearly controlled every step of hers. Mammachi was a promising violinist; she had to leave her career because Papachi asked her to do so.
It was during those few months they spent in Vienna that Mammachi took her first lessons on the violin. The lessons were abruptly discontinued when Mammachi’s teacher Launsky Tieffenthal was exceptionally talented and in his opinion, potentially concert class.
This is not the only case that shows the domination of man as a husband on a woman. Domestic violence was also a part of life. Papachi, often beat Mammachi with a brass flower vase. In addtition, Papachi insulted Mammachi as she was never allowed insulted Mammachi as she as never allowed to sit in his Plymouth, until after his death.
The other man who dominated Mammachi’s life was Chacko, her privileged and Oxford educated son. When he returned home after his divorce from Margaret, she takes over Mammachi’s pickle factory and referring to the factory as “……. my factory, my pineapples, my pickles” (57) without regarding Mamachi who had started and developed the factory before Chacko returned home. Mamachi did nothing but accept it passively. Whatever her husband did, being a virtuous woman, she had to accept...