This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Health Care Systems In Finland, Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Turkey

2839 words - 12 pages

To select the countries for this task I searched for different criteria’s for development of nations. For my mind most reliable and suitable I found from United Nations Specialized Agencies, like IMF, World Bank Group and naturally WHO. My selections for this task are in addition to Finland are Democratic Republic of the Congo (later DRC) and Turkey.
DRC had the lowest GNI in year 2012 in the world, being 220 USD per capita and in year 2000 it was 90 USD per capita. In 2012 GNI in Turkey was 10 830 USD per capita and Finland 46 940 USD per capita, highest recorded was in Norway 98 860 USD. (World Bank 2013.)
I selected Turkey to this task because country is applying for membership of European Union and it is a very big country on the border of Europe and Asia. There is a lot of international migrants and also asylum seekers in Turkey from Asia and currently from Syrian crisis.
Most interesting comparisons or classifications I found was Human Development Index (HDI) and from that derived Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI). Both reports are part Human Development report, which aim is to stimulate global, regional and national policy discussion on issues which are relevant to human development. (UNDP 2013a, UNDP 2013b.)
My aim in this task is to describe health care system of selected countries. I also try to estimate what is the effect of overall level of development of the country to the health care system.

2 DESCRIBING THE LEVEL OF DEVELPOMENT
Commonly used criteria for evaluating the level of nations economics is gross national income (GNI). GNI is converted to U.S dollars and it is a sum of resident producers and income from abroad. (World Bank 2013a.)
The growth rate of GDP (Gross domestic product) is often used as an indicator how an economy is performing. Usual method to compare countries to each other is to convert value of DGP to U.S dollars and then compare them. GDP per capita is often used as a measurement an average citizen’s well-being, it is important to understand that GDP is not a measure of overall standard of living or well-being in a certain country. GDP is not taking on account distribution of income, environmental issues, reduction of leisure time etc. (IMF 2013).
UN’s (UN 2013) Human Development Index (HDI) serves as frame of reference for both social and economic development. It has four indicators; life expectancy, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling and gross national income per capita.
Table 1. GNI per capita, annual GDP growth %, HDI and IHDI figures.
World Bank (2013c) classifies economies according to 2012 GNI per capita in the following way; low income 1 035 USD or less, lower middle income 1 036 – 4 085 USD, upper middle income 4 086 – 12 615 USD and high income 12 616 USD or more.
According to UNDP (2013) values higher than 0.807 refer to very high, values from 0.602 to 0.806 to high, values 0.485 to 0.601 medium and values lower than 0.310 to low human development. DRCs ranking...

Find Another Essay On Health Care Systems in Finland, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Turkey

The Rape in the Democratic Republic of Congo

687 words - 3 pages Since 1996, nearly four million people have died in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These tragedies evolve from several rebel armies that have a very important aspect in common: they target innocent people and they all use rape as a weapon of war. Although the civil war in Congo has only been going ongoing for five years, only recently has attention been drawn to the astounding number of rapes committed during the conflict. It is not known yet

History of the Democratic Republic of Congo

1334 words - 6 pages nation to maintain its stability. The United States has had foreign relations with the country from 1960 and has signed many treaties to help promote growth in the region. One such document is the Peace, Security and Cooperation framework that exists between the United States and the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as 10 other African nations. I believe that The Peace, Security and Cooperation framework definitely helps to promote the

The Democratic Republic of the Congo

1622 words - 6 pages , which is the capital of modern democratic republic of the Congo, was conquered. In 1892 and 1894, east Congo was forcibly taken from the control of east African Arab and Swahili traders. King Leopold did not have sufficient funds to develop the Congo. He received loans from the Belgium parliament in 1889 and 1895. At that same time, Leopold declared all unoccupied lands belonged to the state giving himself many of the natural resources including

Food Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo

980 words - 4 pages Script for Geography Good morning/afternoon Today I will talk about food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo. DR Congo is an African country that consists of over 2,300,000 square kilometres (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The population in DR Congo is around seventy-five and a half million people with an average life expectancy of 56 years, a lot shorter than Australians (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The

Coltan and Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo

2658 words - 11 pages Introduction The role of minerals as fuels to armed conflicts in poor countries has been long debated. Conversely, to date, policy initiatives towards the eradication of those clashes have not achieved any noteworthy breakthrough. This work addresses the specific case of the deadly conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the strategic position of a specific mineral commodity (coltan) in such framework. It starts with a short

Democratic Republic of Congo Holocaust

1337 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Holocaust was the bloodiest war fought. This was due to the death toll, possibly larger than that of the Holocaust. Between 1998 and 2007, there were a total of 5.4 million people dead. The number of those deaths has definitely gone up over the years (Heaton 1). Genocide is very vital because of the people being slaughtered and giving their lives away in order to support their political stance. Everyone

Environmental assessment of The Democratic Republic of Congo

773 words - 4 pages Environmental Assessment The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a sub-Saharan African nation that has suffered through 32 years of totalitarian rule followed by coups and ongoing political turmoil (Zapata, 2011). Since February 2013 the Congolese government has been in talks with the largest rebel group M23 (The world factbook). Ongoing turbulence related to armed conflict has led to significant misplacement of the population and an

Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy

Why the Democratic Republic of Congo Is the Poorest Country in the World

1006 words - 5 pages Republic of Congo is the poorest country of the world and stand at the bottom in GNI with just only $370 GDP per capita (2012). The difference is $99630 GDP per capita-a massive number. Africa in general and the Democratic Republic of Congo in particular has fantastic place with rich land, labor and sunshine; however, D.R Congo people still confront with shortages of food, water and electricity. This largest country of Africa with its population

Democratic Republic of Congo: Development Policy Issues

1593 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this

Health Care Systems in Finland, Afghanistan, and Norway

2494 words - 10 pages and logistics to deliver quality medicines and health (WHO a) That says it all in my opinion. Good attentions to provide health care world widely. The concept of health is very complex. We all understand the meaning of it in different ways. Health care system in Finland is a foregone conclusion in many aspects. In this task it is suppose to introduce health care systems in three countries. One developed, one undeveloped and our country. I chose

Similar Essays

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

1038 words - 5 pages Genocide is the deliberate and systematic extermination or destruction of a racial, national, political, and cultural group. Genocide is being tolerated everywhere because almost nobody knows or talks about the problem. For example the democratic republic of Congo is at risk since 1996. Genocide also occurs because of hatred and different viewpoints. This problem of genocide occurring or about to occur in the D.R.C. is one example of tolerance

The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

2744 words - 11 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo Formerly known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC) is located in the center of Africa bordered by nine different countries and one territory. (Lerner, 10) The bordering countries are Central African Republic and Sudan at the northern boarder, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi on the eastern boarder, Zambia and Angola directly South of DROC and Congo on the Western boarder. DROC is

Description Of The Democratic Republic Of Congo

1771 words - 8 pages Kiswahili or Swahili). Product Description A mineral that the Democratic Republic of Congo has vast wealth in is Columbite – tantalite, which is commonly referred to as coltan. Coltan is mined for the use in electronic devices. Some of these devices that coltan can be found in include: cellular phones, computers, jet engines, missiles, ships, and weapon systems. This mineral has an impact on our daily lives, without the mining of this vital

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1133 words - 5 pages The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a.k.a. the DRC, or more commonly “the Congo”, has experienced an endless nightmare of violence, poverty, famine, sickness, and murder for the past 16 years. The constant bloodshed between the national and armed forces has led to countless civilian deaths, or the genocide in the Congo. Before I go on any further, I must explain what a genocide is. A genocide is the attempted destruction of an entire group of