Form Of Government Essay

2104 words - 8 pages

Overview of the Issue
Socialism is the social and economic theory that promotes the public control and ownership of property and natural resources. This socialist view claims that individual does not live and work in segregation and seeks collaboration with each other’s (Ball & Dagger). Furthermore, government has power and right to exercise specific social and economic theory in the society. In other hands, government with a set of moral principles also has moral obligation towards every citizens for providing good governance. As a result, a guiding philosophy of government is subject to scrutinize in socialist government (www.ethics.org, 2009).
Government
According to Merriam Webster, Government is an agency, machinery or establishment through which elected body exercises authority and executes functions and the distribution of power usually labels form of it. Additionally, it is a service or division of the highest authority of a nation or state, representing the entire. The functions of government are performed through the intricate political institutions, traditions and laws for instance, legislatives, executives and judicial branches. In fact, the forms of governments determine how the so called machinery is carried out and how the power would distributed.
All the forms of the governments classified according to the distribution of power. The power of the government simply can be divided into three forms: absolute, moderate and zero. These fundamental aspects of power distribution are seen in many forms of government from absolute monarchy to republic and to anarchy. Moreover, there are other lists basic form of government such as authoritarian, communism, democracy, dictatorship, federal, oligarchy, socialism, theocracy, totalitarian etc, which fall into the diverse classification of sharing of power by government in different nations (Government Type).
Ethics
According to Merriam Webster, “ethics is a theory or system of moral values.” It is drawn from the philosophy and also a guiding philosophy. The method of ethical theory must correspond with good action and consider that it holds facts only for the most part. The study of ethics is done to progress human lives and thus the set of principle and values must comply with the environment of human well-being (Kraut, 2010).
Additionally, the process of standardizing, guarding and advocating concept of right and wrong bearing is within the field of ethics. The contemporary school of thought views ethical theories into three spectrums: meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Meta-ethics spotlight on the issues of universality of truth or the absolute truth which may resembles the natural law. Normative ethics is about the determination of the moral course of actions which is to arrive at moral practical standard of task that police right or wrong deeds. Lastly, applied ethics involves probing of the moral outcomes in explicit controversial situations such as capital...

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