"As Long As Stalin Was Running The Soviet Union A Cold War Was Unavoidable." (J.L Gaddis, We Now Know). Discuss This Interpretation Of The Origins And Character Of The Cold War.

2078 words - 8 pages

The cold war, or as John Lewis Gaddis would call it the "Long Peace" is a point in history full of intrigue. The very fact that one historian chooses to call a 'war' a period of peace, whilst for many decades previous is had been referred to as an enigma of conflicts the world hadn't seen before, and probably will never see again. The biggest problem with identifying whether or not the cold war really was instigated or inevitable because of Comrade Iosef Stalin is that so much propaganda and fear existed on both sides of the bi-polar power struggle. The USA plugged its population with the belief that Soviet Russia had plans to remove their freedoms and to reduce them to a lower than low populace, with no power over their own lives. The Soviets believed that the capitalist west was exploiting its populace; the only way for all peoples to be equal and free was to release these people from the iron grip of the bourgeois elite.Firstly, it is important to look at the role the Second World war played in the cause of the cold war. By the end of 1945 the three most powerful nations on Earth were untied in their desire for peace around the world and an end to the evil fascist forces of Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan. But not everything was exactly quite what it seemed to be.From the view of the Soviet Union in 1941, things were certainly not going well. With the Nazi German invasion of its borders with operation Barbarossa and with the Russian purges in the armed forces, the USSR was facing complete destruction by a nation that only a year and a half before hand had joined in an invasion of their neighbouring country, Poland. As a result, an alliance with the western powers, of which were its ideological enemies, was vital . Things would never work well between the two nations because of this fundamental difference, and despite relations with the UK being warmer; the UK would always lend its hand to the side of the US, which is why the offer of an Alliance with the USSR was ended because of the USAs' refusal of the document for certain parts . Several scholars have even gone so far as to say that the Cold War began before the ending of World War II. The US was always deeply suspicious with regards to the USA, who believed (particularly after the previous attempt by the Soviets to gain Britains' agreement to the USSRs' 1941 boarders), that the Soviets were attempting aggressive Sovietisation of the East. The traditionally hostile attitude the Soviets had held of the United States as their ideological enemy was held up by American attitudes.The attempt by Stalin to ensure that the Soviet Union maintained its 1941 boarders in the post-war world is one of the most important aspects of the cause of the cold war. It demonstrates Stalin's aims for Eastern Europe as effectively as Mein Kampf explains Hitler's aims for Europe did. During a visit to Moscow in 1941, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden was presented a document that, if signed, would result in an alliance...

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