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To What Extent Can Stalin Be Held Responsible For The Cold War?

1071 words - 4 pages

Stalin only holds a half of the blame for the start of the cold war.There were a lot of contributing factors which came from the USA USSR and GB (France did not play such a big role in the origin of the cold war). The second incident that is worth noting is that after the presidential elections in the USA the new president goes up to Stalin and tells him about the atomic bomb evidently trying to scare the living daylights out of Stalin. Although Truman didn't quite manage the desired effect the cold war definitely started there. The USA goes on to bomb Japan with the 2 Nuclear weapons showing the world how powerful these weapon really are. After this Stalin get's worried and the arms race begins so much so that Stalin creates entire cities devoted to creating the atomic bomb for the USSR.Yet it is not only the USA and GB that contribute to the beginning of the cold war as mentioned above the USSR and therefore Stalin is also to blaim. He systematically took over Eastern Europe using the inaccuracy of terms to his advantage. He held elections as agreed but no ones said anything about elections where capitalist governments were allowed to be elected. Stalin made sure that there were only Communist candidates and any country which disobeyed had the leaders and senior members of the capitalist parties executed and murdered. Stalin just said that he did not want to be attacked as easily as he was before i.E. Poland letting the Germans through their country meaning that the USSR had to take the brunt of the German attack. This had infuriated Stalin and he did not want this to happen again. So he wanted "Friendly countries around the USSR" in other words his "Sphere of influence". In the end Stalin had communist countries all around him - Poland Czechoslovakia E. Germany, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania and every intention to take over Greece. During this time where the USSR is trying to take over the east bloc the USA firmly sets itself behind capitalism in Western Europe. When there are fears that Italy may be turning communist via their own free will the USA starts funding the capitalist party, this resulted in a capitalist government being elected and stopping Stalin's chance of getting deeper into Europe.This led to the USA being very sceptical what the USSR really wanted: defensive protection or to take over the world. George Kennan the Presidents senior advisor on the USSR who was based in Moscow suggested that the solution was to strengthen Western institutions in order to render them invulnerable to the Soviet challenge while waiting for the eventual mellowing of the Soviet regime. Shortly after this telegram has been circulated Churchill the previous British Prime-Minister held the famous Iron Curtain speech. Here for the first time an influential figure speaks up about the USSR and that it should not be taken as lightly as it has been taken at the time. Churchill outlined the obvious problems, the iron curtain and how the USSR was...

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