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To What Extent Did Internal Factors Bring About The Fall Of The Han Dynasty In China (200 Bce – 220 Ce)?

2098 words - 8 pages

The demise of the Qin Dynasty sparked the fear that another centralized authority could be harmful for modern day China. However, with such vast territory, China could not be ruled by local lords, simply because it would be counter producing for the conjunct advances, such as trading networks, technological advances, and agricultural advancements (Encarta). Centralized rule returned quickly to China under the hands of a commander named Liu Bang. He was not vivid or much of a lover, but he was determined and preferred to set realistic goals to accomplish them. When he was established as the head of the Han Dynasty, he sought to centralize rule in China. Despite he did not favor much a centralized rule; he opted for a centralized rule simply because by the 200’s BCE, China was in no means of becoming a democracy. Internal factors did indeed bring about the demise of the Han Dynasty, but by no means was it a single event, but rather a series of event that ultimately led to the complete fall down of such a lavished dynasty.Still convinced, Liu Bang sought to decentralized power by giving power to his family. However, this came out wrong due to the fact that when the Xiongnu warriors besieged his region and no support was given by his family. As a result he sought a policy of centralization of power. He took the lands from his family, and turned most to the power of the state. As a result, an administrative bureaucracy was formed and the land was managed from here. When he did this, he said, "At last the whole world is mine," referring to all the power that was falling to his hands as a result of the centralization of power (Edwards).Liu Bang believed that centralized power was the best way to rule. As a result, Liu Bang began to build a new capital at Chang’an. In this new capital, Liu Bang sought control and centralized the management of his empire. Here, he assigned the generals, chancellors, and other governmental figures. By doing this, he eliminated almost by complete the royal family and thus had less bureaucratic opponents. To obtain support from the peasants, he lowered taxes and provided protection from nobles whom were trying to retrieve lands that they had lost. Also, the peasants had strong faith in Liu Bang simply because he was a peasant before and they believed that he would govern in their interest (Encarta).No doubt about that Liu Bang was an excellent ruler, but possibly better was Han Wudi often named the “Martial Emperor” (Edwards). He built a bureaucracy to administer his empire and he relied on legalist principles. He tried to establish vast amounts of roads, and canals to impulse Han’s productivity. Indeed productivity increased, but at a high cost; many of the high ranked Chinese, as a result of high demand, came for the most part uneducated as a result. Therefore he established the Imperial University that prepared young men for service at the government.Once Han Wudi centralized the power in the...

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