Good health is a right for everyone. Everyone should be possible to get health care services, social services and different treatment. All people are entitled to get psychological, physical and social support. Around the world WHO (World Health Organization) is responsible for providing leadership on global health matter, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. Unfortunately at the poor countries everyone has not possibility of health care. (WHO 2013)
Many country can´t take care their whole populations health care. It is clear that they need help. Many organizations are working all the time in developing countries. And of course they work also in critical area. These organizations help is very important to these people who live in this kind of area. It is important and appreciated. And in future it will be necessary.
In this task I will introduce tree different countries health care system. These counties are Finland, Spain and Kenya. I will introduce these countries public and private health care. These countries are very different and their health care system differs from each other. I will tell my thinking about the countries similarities and differences at the end of the task.
2. HEALTH CARE IN FINLAND
Finland is located to the north-east of the Baltic Sea. In total population there is 5 408 000. In 2007 life expectancy was 82,9 for women and 75,8 for men. (WHO 2013)
Every Finnish citizen has right to social and health care services. This is control by laws. The Constitution says that everyone has rights to income and to care, if they are to manage adequately.
Social welfare and health care services in Finland organize municipality, implemented with Government support. And it´s basis of the Finish social welfare and health care system. The Finnish State provides financial aid to municipality. The Finish Ministry of Social Affairs and Health prepare legislation and guides implementation. Ministry also defines social welfare and health care policy guidelines, prepares key reforms and guides their implementation and coordination. Municipalities are responsible for arranging and funding health care. These health services are divided into primary health care and specialized medical care. Primary health care means that municipally will arrange monitoring of the health of the population. Primary health care services are provided municipal health Centre. Specialized medical care refers to specialist health examinations and treatment. Usually these specialized medical care arranged in hospitals. In Finland have five specialist areas. In Finland is legislation that defines client and patient rights. (STM 2013)
In Finland are also private companies that give health services in addition to the public health care. Private sectors can sell their services to the municipality or directly to...