The aim of health care in Finland is to maintain and improve people's health, wellbeing, work and functional capacity and social security, as well as to reduce health inequalities.
The system is based on preventive health care and well-run, comprehensive health services.
The MSAH (The Ministry of social affairs and health) is responsible for social and health policy and preparing associated legislation. (MSAH, 2013 ) The Finnish health care system has gone through big changes since the Second World War and the whole publicly organized systen has been a success story. Network of maternity and child health clinics were established in te 1940`s and soon after that, a female life expectancy increased almost nine years. (Sitra, 2009.) An excellent way to get pregnant woman to maternity clinics were “maternity boxes”, a great Finnish innovation. Maternity boxes got lots of publicity also abroad, when BBC published news with the title “Why Finnish babies sleep in cardboard boxes?” According to reporter Lee, "the box provided mothers with what they needed to look after their baby, but it also helped steer pregnant women into the arms of the doctors and nurses of Finland's nascent welfare state. In the 1930s Finland was a poor country and infant mortality was high - 65 out of 1,000 babies died. But the figures improved rapidly in the decades that followed." I am sure, that big thanks of that belong to maternity boxes. Mika Gissler, a professor at the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki, says, that there exists many reasons for this: expite the maternity boxes, but also national health insurance system, and the central hospital network. (Lee, H. 2013.)
Health services consists of two parts: Primary health care and specialized care. Primary health care is the is the key to the health of the population and is arranged by municities and services are arranged at municipal health centres .Specialist health examinations and treatment belongs to "specialised medical care" and most of it is arranged in hospitals. (MSAH, 2013.) According to Sitra, the most of Finnish health care services are arranged and organized by the municipal health care system. Finnish municipalities are legally required to organize the municipal health care and health services for their residents. At the moment there are 320 municipalities in Finland. To fund health (and also other services) residents have to pay taxes. Municipalities receive also money from a state, it is called “state subsidies”. Specialist care in the munipicipal system is organized in 20 hospital districts. They are owned and funded by its member municipalities. There are one or several hospitals in each hospital district and one of them is a central hospital. Most hospital care in the municipal system is provided by the country’s 20 municipality-owned district hospitals. The Primary Health Care Act adjures each municipality to have a “health centre” that organizes and delivers preventive...