Health education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes (WHO 2013). According to WHO it is important to have skilled health workers which have technical competencies so that they can available to different kind of people. (WHO 2013.) The study of nursing is an education in a profession of health care. Nurses are responsible for giving quality health care for everyone. (Education.com.2013.)
In this task I analyse and compare the structure of the health education systems in Finland, Norway and Ethiopia. The main questions are
• Who are responsible for planning the curriculum in health care education?
• What are the levels, main subjects, and dimensions of professional education?
• What is the meaning of national culture in health care education?
2. HEALTH EDUCATION IN FINLAND
In Finland everyone has access to education. The finnish education is known from high-quality. The Finnish education policy is built on the lifelong learning principle. Public authorities secure, that finnish citizen get education also after compulsory schooling. In Finland education is free from primary to higher education. (Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö 2013a.) The Government and the Ministry of Education and Culture are responsible for preparing and implementing education. (Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö 2013a.)
According to the Finnish Ministry of Education the education system is composed of nine-year basic education (comprehensive school), upper secondary education (general education and vocational education and training) and higher education ( universities and polytechnics) (Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö 2013b.)
The Finnish education system has no dead-ends. You have always an opportunity to continue your studies on an upper level of education. I think that is privilege that you able to educate yourself as long as you want, and that education is free. (Opetus- ja kulttuuriministeriö 2013b). To apply for higher education you have completed either general upper secondary education or vocational upper secondary education. The Finnish higher education system consist of universities and polytechnics (also known as universities of applied sciences). Universities concentrate on academic and scientific research and education and polytechnics are concentrated on practical. (Opetushallitus 2013a.)
In Finland nurses receive their education at polytechnics (Bachelor of nursing). In polytechnic education consist of basic and vocational studies, work practice, elective studies and final project. The extent of polytechnic degree studies is generally 210-270 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) points, which means 3.5-4 years of full-time study. (Suomen sairaanhoitajaliitto 2013a, Admission 2013). After the bachelor of Nursing and three years’ work experience you can apply to the Polytechnic master’s education ( 60-90 ECTS)....