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China: Analysis Of Wastewater And Water Supply Industry

2725 words - 11 pages

CHINA: WATER &WASTEWATER INDUSTRYA. Market Overview:Before going deep into the market picture, let look at the big overview of water resource situation of the whole country. Supplying clean and safe drinking water is one of the most critical issues, which China has to face today. Currently, two-thirds of all cities in China don't have enough water all year round and 10% of them are in the severe shortage situation. Municipal use and industrial use of water have been increasing with amazing number compared to the previous years due to the dramatic development of China in recent years. Plus the high speed of producing and manufacturing of many industries so much faster than the speed of the development of environmental technologies as well as the treatment for the waste from industries cause environment pollution remain in China. Three areas the Chinese government pays attention to environment protection such as air pollution control, waste water treatment, and solid & hazardous waste treatment. China and its foreign lenders still spend far more on the water sector than on air and solid waste, especially on the clean up of priority river basins and lakes. In November 2000, the State Council issued a notice requiring all cities with populations over 100,000 to build wastewater treatment facilities by 2005.A Chinese environmental industry is emerging. China is opening its environmental protection industries to overseas investors and expects the sector to grow annually with a satisfied rate in the next ten to fifteen years.Generally, the whole picture of the wastewater and water supply in China can be described in the SWOT table belowStrengths- The important role of clean water in daily activities and industries: water is a big issue in China; everyone is taking care of the source of clean water as well as availability of water.- Water is polluted by the activities of manufacturing industry and indirectly by the sewage of other industries. Water shortage and water pollution are the main source for the thriving of water supply industry, on the other hands, the nature can not be changed and the process of manufacturing can not be ceased. Therefore, the existence possibility of this industry is one hundred percent is easily recognized.- China has a great number of rivers and lakes, which supply and contain water for habitants. It somehow provides advantages for the industry.Weaknesses- Even though China is naturally provided with density of rivers and lakes, most rivers flow east and empty into the Oceans or flow into inland lakes or disappear into deserts. Plus with the steep geography, the unbalance in water supply occurs as a consequence, e.g. most of the large rivers begin on the top of Qinghai-Tibet and drop greatly to the mouth, thus water is scarce in the West and plentiful in the East.- The lack of funding and technology: the lack of innovative technology and the capital shortage in China environmental protection sector hinder the speed...

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