China, Confuciacism, And National Goals Essay

1667 words - 7 pages

Managing a state is like managing a business. The state vision needs obtainable goals, an organizational strategy for realizing its goals, and functional sub-strategies within its state sectors to carry out its official mission. Like a functional business a country has an ideology that governs and explains its conduct. The official ideology of China is Confucianism which prescribes to proper conduct based on social status which has authorized the Chinese government to determine the national goals of the state. China’s national goals are based on a strategic framework of Five-Year plans aimed at transporting the Chinese realm to a higher standard. Since the inception of China’s Five-Year Plans in 1953 all subsequent plans have contained an unwavering dedication to the goal of creating high economic growth through enhanced development in heavy industry.1 The trajectory of growth has been achieved through a capitalization on China’s greatest resource, its surplus of human labour, and by growing a national export industry that is now the largest in the world. Additionally the nationalization of: industry, banks, telecommunication, national defense, and electricity, coal and oil production, airlines and marine shipping, enabled the Chinese government to pump in finances and stimulate economic growth2. The national concern and focus on economic growth has hoisted the Chinese economy to the second largest in the world (per GDP). Its economic prowess has transitioned China from victimization of Western imperialism, to a country who is respected internationally and presents a viable challenge to the western consensus model of economic success. China’s concern for its economy will continue to be a part of its status quo because economic prosperity is also affluence, security and power.

Export industry and Nationalization of traditional key pillar industries in the latter half of the 20th century led to the growth of the Chinese economy and its ability to participate on the international stage. However, in the 21st century China has become more cognizant of the limitations and restraints these two interests will have on future economic growth and its state sovereignty. This is visible in China’s new focus on establishing a set of sub-strategies that include a shift from export driven to domestic consumption and a “dramatic move to reduce energy consumption, promote low-carbon energy sources, and restructure China’s economy”.3 4 China is specifically interested in maintaining the life of the state and its sovereignty, and preserving its predominate role in the international community. To meat these broader goals China is specifically interested in continued economic growth, which is reliant on diversification of China’s energy resources, improving the livelihood of its people and creating a favorable international environment. This is a dramatic transition from a 55 year focus on state enterprise and heavy industry growth, but one that is essential to...

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