Asian Diaspora By Rumaisa Essay

9452 words - 38 pages

"Diaspora : A dispersion of an original homogeneous entity, such as a language or culture: the Diaspora of English into several mutually incomprehensible languages." [Randolph Quirk]1-1-INTRODUCTION:Since ancient times migration has been an important part of human life and has helped in shaping human history and has thus become an integral part. In the modern times circumstances such as political, economical and technological developments have facilitated emigration in response to demand for skills, services or labor or as a consequence of natural or man-made calamities. In the recent past effective developments in the field of information and communication technology have eliminated physical distances and have enabled the people to maintain close and easy contact with their homeland, their loved ones and among themselves. The contemporary processes of global economic and social integration have received a stimulus from the presence of trans-national communities. The role of Diasporas has also achieved significance in view of their adaptability and their dynamism.Most of the Diasporas tend to play a significant role in the development of the host country. There has been a tremendous upward mobility among the subsequent generations of labor Diasporas of different countries. They have risen to prominent political and economic positions. Thus it can be easily said that Diasporas have made significant contributions in politics, trade, commerce, professions, culture and sports. The most prominent among the Diasporas of the world namely Jewish, Indian, Greek and Polish have played an important role in supporting independence movements in their homelands and in retaining deep attachment to their motherland and its causes. The Chinese Diaspora has been a major force in economic modernization and growth in China.1-2-DIFFERENT DIASPORAS OF THE WORLD:Regardless of the different historical backgrounds, and present day circumstances of the world's many Diasporas, there are some distinctive features that are common for all of them. They are given below:Dispersal from homeland, often traumaticEmigration from homeland in search of work or tradeColonial ambitionsA collective memory of the homelandAn idealization of the homelandA strong ethnic group consciousness over a long period of timeA desire to return to motherlandA troubled relationship in the host countryPossibilities of a creative and enriching life in the host countryOver the long stretch of history, the circumstances of migration have varied among the different Diasporas of the world. Broadly these Diasporas can be categorized as follows:1-3- ASIAN DIASPORA:Like all other communities and continents of the world, the Asians also migrated to different countries around the globe, at times within Asia, but mostly towards Europe and the US in search of better prospects. During the 19th century, the Asians, particularly the South Asians, migrated to countries to work as labors. In the 20th century, while some...

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