Asperger’s syndrome is a type of human genetic disorder in the brain. A genetic disorder is an illness or disability caused by a corruption in one or more genes that usually shows up right when the child is born or soon after. This type of disorder is classified under Autism and generally classified as a, ‘Autistic Spectrum Disorder’. This is a range of conditions listed as neurodevelopmental disorders or issues with connections in the brain.
Asperger’s syndrome was named after the Austrian pediatrician, Hans Asperger (1906–1980). In 1944, Asperger used four children in his experiment who had a difficult time combining themselves socially with others. The children lacked verbal communication skills and didn’t show empathy towards peers. He called it "autistic psychopathy" and described it as social isolation.
Asperger’s can be detected at an early age, but more times than not, is overlooked. Unlike normal autistic patients, a child with Asperger’s will develop common skills such as talking and interacting with other children The abnormal part is that during the early stages of childhood the child will usually develop an interest in something and feel the need to gather as much factual information of the subject as possible and try to make that subject of almost any conversation. Another indication appears when the child does not reach most of the milestones that a normal child would, such as: unassisted standing, simple gestures, and crawling. These children have the courage to go up to another child and start a conversation but has trouble maintaining the conversation and eye contact with the individual, resulting in social awkwardness. The child may even take the subject they collected information on and use that as the basis or topic of conversation.
Social issues are a big part of this syndrome. Asperger’s children seek adult conversations or attention significantly more than attention or interaction with children of their own age. They tend to ask many questions that may seem random to outsiders. Most of these questions will be about their topic of interest. At a slightly older age around five or six, these behaviors start to appear.
Repetitive behavior also appears around this age. Finger tapping, twisting or flapping of the hands, spinning, rocking and much more. This behavior brings the child joy or sometimes helps them focus better on things. Even the older patients who exhibit the syndrome have social issues. They may not pick up on social unwritten rules like shaking ones hand, covering ones mouth when sneezing, or holding the door open when someone is right behind them, and may lack empathy towards others. Children and adults, however, have average or above average IQs and intelligence levels and are able to continue to learn normally.
Autistic people have a shifted perception of autism spectrum disorders as complex syndromes rather than diseases that should be cured. The ones that view...