The assassination of Julius Caesar was due to his increased power and the senate’s fear of losing their political relevance.
Through critical analysis and research it has been shown that Caesar’s gain in power worried the senate.
July 13, 100 B.C., to the Romans this day was the thirteenth of Quintillus. In the year 653, on this day, Rome had been founded. This date would soon have another meaning to the Romans, because this day was the day that Gaius Julius Caesar was born. He was born into a family that was very proud in being patrician. For centuries his family had had a role in politics and military, so it was natural that he would, one day, be involved in the Roman government or army. At a young age he ran for Pontifex Maximus (“chief priest”), so he could go into other politics later in his life.
“Caesar was a brilliant general, a clever engineer, and administrator of genius, and a leader who demanded and commanded loyalty. He also was a corrupt politician” (Dando-Collins 4). Caesar would go on to be a dictator and his gain in power would corrupt him. He often bypassed the Senate, taking their power away. With Caesar’s growing power the Senate feared that they would soon lose their political relevance.
CAESAR CONSOLIDATES POWER
Caesar’s power in Rome was growing, and people were afraid he was going to turn Rome into a monarchy. However, Caesar did not want to be known as a king, but he was appointed dictator for life.
He gained most of his powers through military victories. He conquered Gaul, and had victories over Pompey the Great. He also had beat Scipio, King Juba of Numidia, Pharnaces, and Gnaeus and Sextus. He conquered Egypt, which also gained him power. Caesar instituted the newspaper and traffic laws.
Caesar did not want to be called a king, but did things a king would do. He wore purple vestments like ones kings would wear. He put his face on the coins, and filled the calendar with his victories. He also changed the month of Quintilis to Julius (July). While he was walking down the road someone called out to him calling him king. In response he said, “My name is Caesar not king” (qtd. in Dando-Collins). He did not want to be called a king because he was not one and he had not changed the government to a monarchy, it was still and aristocracy.
Caesar started to put a limit on the amount of land people could have. If people had already exceeded the limit he would take the land and give it to the lower class people who did not have any land. Some of the people thought he was a good leader for doing this, while in reality he only did it to help himself.
He started filling the senate with more people who favored him. He did this to reassure that when they voted on things that he would get the majority of the votes. This upset the senate because with this they would never be able to disagree with Caesar. They would always be over ruled.