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Assassination Of Lincoln Essay

987 words - 4 pages

Abraham Lincoln was a Republican who later became known as The President of the United States, the sixteenth, in fact. He also had interesting characteristics including that he was the first ever president to have a beard, and with the height of 6’4, he was classified as the tallest president. Lincoln was born 3 miles south of Hodgenville, Kentucky, but he grew up in Illinois. Lincoln was elected president March 4, 1861. He was also the one to sign The Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, using the army to protect escaped slaves, encouraging the border states to outlaw slavery, and helping push through congress The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which permanently outlawed slavery. In December of 1863, Lincoln introduced something called the 10% plan. This state of action was seen more as a political move. This plan made a statement that as soon as 10% of a state’s voters swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S., they could organize a new state government that would take the role of declaring an ending to slavery. As soon as the war ended, President Lincoln hoped for a peaceful Reconstruction. Unfortunately, he did not get a chance to fulfill his wishes due to the cowardly actions of John Wikes Booth, who was responsible for Lincoln's assassination.
Booth was a Maryland native born in 1838, who had formed a plan with several of his associates to kidnap Lincoln and bring him back to Richmond, which is the confederate capital. This plan was ruined due to Lincoln’s failure to appear where John and his 6 conspirators awaited his arrival. Sometime in April, the confederate armies were near collapse. With this, Booth came up with a one last & desperate plan to try and save the Confederacy. Soon after, Booth came to the conclusion that Lincoln was to attend Laura Keene’s performance of “Our American Cousin” at the Ford’s Theatre in Washington. With this in mind, he planned several murders. Along with wanting President Lincoln dead, a second plan was put into place to murder Secretary of State, William Seward, who was bed ridden due to a carriage accident.
Lincoln attended the show, along with his wife Mary, a young army officer named Henry Rathbone, and Rathbone’s fiance, Clara Harris were seated in a private box above the stage.When the clock struck 10:15, Booth slid his way into the president box because no body guard was stationed below the stairs, and fired his .44 caliber single-shot derringer straight into the back of Lincoln’s head. Along with Lincoln being shot, he went on to stab Rathbone. Booth then lept onto the stage and shouted to the audience, “Sic semper tyrannis.” (“Thus ever to tyrants!”- the Virginia state motto.) Booth ended up breaking his leg due to his jumping, but still managed to slip away by riding horseback out of Washington. There was however, a 23-year-old doctor named Charles...

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