The Four-Stage Team Performance Model & The Drexler/Sibbet High Performance Model
The exploration of two models will show an interesting relationship when compared and contrasted. Both can increase competency levels in team building. The models are the Drexler/Sibbet Team Performance model (Human Performance Strategies) and the Four Stage Team Performance model (Developing Management Skills). When they have been used correctly they’ve been shown to improve efficiency and profitability in organizations. “Developing team skills is important because of the tremendous explosion in the use of teams in work organizations over the last decade (Developing Management Skills).” An examination of these models will show the similarities and differences they have in the context of team building.
Four Stages Model
“The Forming – Norming – Storming – Performing model of team development was first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965. This model has become the basis for subsequent models of team dynamics and frequently used management theory to describe the behavior of existing teams (Wikipedia).”
The first stage of team building is called the forming stage. “ The team meets for the first time and learns about the opportunity and challenges, and then they agree on goals and begin to tackle tasks. Team members tend to behave quite independently. They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives of the team (Wikipedia).
The group has reached the Norming stage when they begin the second stage. “The team is faced with creating cohesion and unity, differentiating roles, identifying expectation for members, and enhancing commitment. Providing supportive feedback and fostering commitment to a vision are needed from the team leaders (Developing Management Skills).”
In the third stage of the model the storms start to brew- so to say. “Different ideas compete for consideration. The team addresses issues such as what problems they are supposed to solve, how they will function independently and together and what leadership model they will accept. It can be contentious, unpleasant and even painful to members of the team who are averse to conflict. Supervisors of the team during this phase may be more accessible but tend to still need to be directive in their guidance of decision-making and behavior (Wikipedia).”
The fourth and final stage is Performing. “The team is faced with the need for continuous improvement, innovation, speed, and capitalizing on core competencies. Sponsoring team members’ new ideas, orchestrating their implementation, and fostering extraordinary performance are needed from the team leaders (Developing Management Skills).” High performance teams should be the desire of all companies. Such teams can increase the overall profitability of the whole organization. Pictures of both models are in the appendix.
Team Performance Model
The second well-known model for team development that will be explored is...