Compare And Contrast Religion During Reformation, Industrial Revolution, And World At War

1550 words - 7 pages

The periods during the Reformation, Industrial Revolution, and the World at War all experienced religious and church conflicts. During the Renaissance and Reformation (1330 – 1650), the fundamental practices of the church came under fire. The church at this time was the largest and most political body. The pope, himself, was the most recognizable political figure. It was due to this authority that the church and its pope were more interested in political issues and less with the spiritual needs of the people (McGraw-Hill, p. 76). Many of the Roman Catholic Church’s high priests had bought their way into position and had very little religious experience. Often the only members of the community that were literate were the clergy thus adding to their control of the common people.
The practice of selling indulgences became under attack from a monk named Martin Luther in the early 1500’s. Indulgences were used as a means by many church officials to add to their wealth and prestige. By buying an indulgence, one was released for all sin and acceptance into Heaven guaranteed. Luther argued that no one needed to buy admission into Heaven. He believed that people could obtain salvation thru their faith and actions alone. The authority of the Pope was also challenged by Luther believing that religious matters needed to be resolved through the words of the Bible and not an individual’s decision. All of this was set down in Luther’s 95 Thesis that he posted on the Church door in Wittenberg, Germany ("The Reformation Video").
Martin Luther inspired another thinker of the time that questioned the Church’s beliefs. That man was John Calvin. The Catholic belief during the Renaissance and Reformation was that one’s good deeds helped determine salvation. Calvinism suggested a far different idea. He believed in predestination where God chose a few people called ‘the elect’ who would be saved and all others damned forever. No amount of good deeds done during a person’s life would change God’s decision. The question that arose from this belief was how was one to know if they were God’s chosen few that would be saved ("The Origins of Calvinism")? People became to believe that good acts may not determine salvation but it could show that they were one of the chosen few. So Calvin believers began to work harder became more prosperous showing everyone that they were more likely to have been the chosen.
Another ideology that jeopardized the Catholic Church came from Desiderious Erasmus. Erasmus became the best know Christian humanist and called his philosophy - ‘the philosophy of Christ’. Humanism basic belief was that all human beings had the ability to reason. Erasmus went against Calvinism and the belief of predestination. Erasmus taught people that by leading good and righteous lives on a daily basis would grant them salvation. External showings of rules and religious rituals were not as important to Erasmus and the humanists as was...

Find Another Essay On Compare and Contrast Religion during Reformation, Industrial Revolution, and World at War

Life during the industrial revolution Essay

791 words - 3 pages fiery furnaces, in dark textile mills, in coalfields breathing in coal dust for 10 hours at a timeWOMEN-The industrial revolution brought about increasing employment of women.-The feminists of the time didn't like that, because they thought that women's place was in the home, that work outside the home was men's domain.WAGES-High wages hurt profits. Corporate capitalists believed that they needed profits to open more factories and to hire more

Life During the Industrial Revolution Essay

752 words - 3 pages Prior to the industrial revolution people rarely experienced change. It was an extremely different place than it is now. During the industrial revolution there was a radical change in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions. People in majority were farmers since they didn’t have any technology everybody had to grow their own food. They were interdependent in maintaining all their necessities, mainly in their local communities because of the

Britains government became increasingly involved within economics during and after the industrial revolution. explain

1248 words - 5 pages The role of the British government was greatly expanded during the industrial revolution moving through the three stages of laissez faire to liberalism then progressing towards socialism. Overall, these political shifts were fuelled by a growing sense of morality within the middle class and their interest in politics, new ideologies - including the concept of equality, a clear need for government order within a rapidly changing and populous

Working Conditions, Living Conditions and Child Labor in Great Britain During the Industrial Revolution

980 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change in Great Britain and the rest of the world. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the enclosure movement, and a need for efficient living. Then, many factories began to emerge and people started to work at factories instead of at farms like they were used to. The first factory was the textile factory. The people that worked at these factories

Women's roles prior to and during the evolution of the industrial revolution in England

2963 words - 12 pages of women of higher class to compare the two too.It was a difficult time during the industrial revolution in England for the women working in the factories. Women had many obstacles put in front of them and were treated quite unfairly compared to today's standards. The women did what they could to survive, they however were not given equal treatment and this caused the downward spiral of society and the reputation of the factory girl.During the

How and why did the role of british government increase during the industrial revolution?

1135 words - 5 pages During the period between the 1770's and the late 1800's, known as the Industrial Revolution, a vast expansion in the role of government in Britain ensued. Such an expansion can be contributed to a number of factors defining this era, in such fields as overseas influences and ideologies, the economy, social structure and the state of the working class. When such considerations are taken into account, the drastic increase in the role of

Social Problems During The Industrial Revolution

1085 words - 5 pages dominant world power at the time. Despite the early social problems of atrocious living and working conditions created by the industrial revolution its long-term social reforms including; the Factory Act of 1883 outweighed the short-term issues that were encountered. During this period of dramatic change the industrial revolution was responsible for some of the worst working conditions known to man, particularly for young child that were forced into

Economic changes during the First Industrial Revolution

1421 words - 6 pages steam powered factories. It started in the United Kingdom, and spread throughout the world quickly. Almost every aspect of the world was influenced in some way. Economy is one of the major parts which can show how the Industrial Revolution changed the world.Global transport infrastructure was improved a lot during the Industrial Revolution. Road network, canal network, and railway network were developed and completed during the Industrial

Portrayal of Machines During the Industrial Revolution

2208 words - 9 pages mankind's possibilities was implicit in the portrayal of machines during the Industrial Revolution. Whether the machine was conceptualized as animate livestock or merely as means to a productive end, industrialization changed radically not only the modes of production, but the place of humanity in an industrialized world.  Works Cited  Klingender, Francis D. Art and The Industrial Revolution. London: Noel Carrington, 1947.   Marx, Karl

Urban Life During the Second Industrial Revolution

878 words - 4 pages emerged during this period, such as Paris, London, and Berlin, were quickly changing the ratios of population from rural to urban Berlin's population, for example, went from 66% rural in 1871 to almost 66% urban before the first World War (see "The Second Industrial Revolution"). With the influx of people to urban centers came the increasingly obvious problem of city layouts. The crowded streets which were, in some cases, the same paths as

Child Labor During The Industrial Revolution

1294 words - 5 pages these exhausting 12 hour shifts that tired them out. Children during the industrial revolution worked just has hard as adults did but were treated even worse, worked the same hours and barely made enough to buy bread for their family. “By 1810, about 2,000,000 school-age children were working 50- to 70-hour weeks. Most of them came from poor families. When parents could not support their children, they sometimes turned them over to a mill or

Similar Essays

Compare And Contrast Religion In Two Works

1933 words - 8 pages be closer to her. An ordinary man would do something similar to be closer to a woman he finds attractive. Both characters had very different reasons for selling religion, but both were extremely successful. Barton portrayed Jesus as the first and greatest salesman of all time. Jesus sold religion to the masses and was so successful in doing so that people should try to emulate his style. Gantry was also extremely successful at selling

American Problems And Innovations During The Industrial Revolution

1022 words - 4 pages The industrial cities that spawned during and after the birth of the Industrial Revolution were very different from the cities that existed before to the revolution. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, cities were a market where trade goods could be bought and sold. Trappers and hunters would come into towns to sell their goods to shoppers who were eager to obtain these items. Blacksmiths and barbershops, saloons and banks, farmers and stable

Compare And Contrast The Portrayal Of Landscape In At Least Three War Poems Including “Spring Offensive”

915 words - 4 pages “The soldier” by Rupert Brooke, Wilfred Owen’s “Spring offensive” and Julian Grenfell’s “Into Battle” are poems with portrayals of the landscapes during war. Each poem uses different literary techniques to express their view on the war. Imagery, oxymoron, emotive language, metaphors, personification and similes are used to portray the landscapes of war. Wilfred Owen uses similes, imagery, oxymoron and emotive language in his poems to portray

"The Industrial Revolution A Curse For The Working Man" Discusses Living And Working Conditions During The Industrial Revolution

1188 words - 5 pages they began to see better.The Industrial Revolution began during the 18th century, and refers to the change from "work in the home to work in the factory" ('Industrial Revolution Notes'). "In 1750, 8 out of 10 people lived in the country. In 1850, 5 out of 10 people lived in the country (http://www.asis.com/sfhs/women/sophie.html)." With the introduction of machinery, the working class could make a better living in factories than at home (on farms