Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union had started since the early conference in World War Two and increased further at the War’s conclusion. These tensions developed further during the Berlin Blockade and Airlift during 1948 and 1949, China becoming communist in 1949, and the Korean War between 1950 and 1953. The events, have been labelled as the early crisis of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and greatly increased tensions between the two superpowers and further led the countries into a Cold War.
Following World War Two tensions was developing between the communist East represented by the Soviet Union and the capitalist West which was comprised of Britain, France and the United States. This tension, which was mostly between the United States and the Soviet Union, who had emerged as the two power states following the World War Two, was a result of both ideological differences as well as the decisions made at three key conferences during World War Two; The Tehran Conference of 1943, The Yalta Conference in the early months of 1945, and the Potsdam conference following the fall of Germany in July 1945. The Soviet Union disagreed with some of the decisions made at the conferences, most notably, the division of Germany and Berlin. The decisions made at these conferences, as well as the ideological differences between the two superpowers would further increase tensions between the East and West, as well as having a significant impact on the development of the Early Crisis and the Cold War.
Following the conferences during World War Two, Germany was split up into two zones. Occupying West Germany and West Berlin was France, Britain and The United States, while the Soviet Union occupied Eastern Germany and East Berlin. As Berlin was in the East of Germany, West Berlin was surrounded by communist territory and therefore ‘… was in a vulnerable position’ (Webb; 2010). Although in a vulnerable position, West Berlin was thriving, much due to a combined Bizone formed by the United States and Britain, as well as the introduction of an independent economy. However, the Soviet Union were angered by these decisions as they were not made with Soviet correspondence, which led to further deterioration of the relations between the East and West. This anger, also strengthened by Western freedom in the East resulted in drastic measure being taken by Stalin. On the 24th June 1948, West Berlin was blockaded by Soviet forces, causing further tension between the two superpowers.
The West needed to respond quickly. Not only was there territory cut off from the rest of the world, according to the containment policy, which was referred to in the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, required that the United States to act on communism. The ideas of General Clay were adopted and the United States, decided to fly planes non-stop to Tempelhof airport with the supplies needed for the residents of West Berlin under ‘Operation...