Assess The Extent And Impact Of Muhammad's Influence On The Society At The Time, And His Role As The Founder Of The Islamic Faith.

1356 words - 5 pages

Muhammad; now credited as the creator and founder of Islam was born in 570BC in the powerful and holy Arab city of Mecca, and died in 632BC. During his lifetime, Muhammad would be contacted by God through the Angel Gabriel and employed by God to spread his message to the Arab world, this would start a Journey for Muhammad which would result in the change of Arab society forever through the expansion and influence of his religion; Islam. His influence on the society at the time would be the expansion of Islam.The Arab world at the time was one of discontent, lack of stability, and ultimately home to a violent and uncivilised society. The social organisation was one of clans and tribes, basically groups which offered security, a sense of identity, and support to its members, although ruling over them with an iron fist; and constantly warring with enemy tribes for supremacy and dominance. Each of the tribes of the Arab world all had a similar religious system at the time, one of a pagan system, with a strong belief in Polytheism and Animatism . All these social systems were going to be changed over time and be replaced with a more accepting and less conflicted Islamic society, but the transformation was going to be an interesting one - one that would detail and display the influence of Muhammad.Muhammad's story isn't well documented until his early forties, before that however it is known that he was an orphan from the age of six, had modest surrounds during his childhood, but at the age of approximately 25 became wealthy when he married a rich widow, who later passed away. The documentation of Muhammad becomes extensive, when in 610BC, while spending time alone in a cave outside Mecca to dwell on the problems of society he was greeted by the Arch Angel Gabriel, who claimed to have a message from God that he, Muhammad, must spread. This could be seen as the initiation for Muhammad into the role of founder and creator of Islam. Initially Muhammad was reluctant to do as the Angel ordered, not easily dismissing the Pagan beliefs that he had been brought up with. Eventually however he was won over and agreed to repeat the messages to his closest friends and family, and later in 613BC, he began to preach in public after those closest to him had believed every word he had repeated. Preaching in public can easily be regarded as the beginning, the first example of his influence that was to come over the Arab world. For centuries these messages would be Muhammad's continuous influence, Archived in the holy Islamic book of the Koran.At first, Muhammad's public preaching was little concern to the Quraish tribe, the ruling party of Mecca, however over time he gained more and more followers, which he deemed Muslims, and eventually the Meccan authorities couldn't help but notice him, and essentially he developed into a public enemy. This tension between Muhammad and the Meccan authorities developed over a few reasons, largely, he was dismissing the pagan belief...

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