"Assess the impact of social, political and economic issues in early twentieth century Russia in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty."
The downfall of the Romanov dynasty was due to the impacts of bearing internal factors on Russia such as the social, political and economic issues present in early twentieth century Russia. These issues were largely manufactured by previous generations of Tsars but ultimately set in stone the downfall by Tsar Nicholas' inability to change.
Within the political sphere, Tsar Nicholas fundamental belief in his "divine right" as a Tsar and autocrat did nothing to minimise the growing discontent at the turn of the 20th century. He ruled with an iron fist in regards to antipathy towards his regime, and any minister who chose to disobey him found themselves unemployed or even exiled. Although it can be granted that he allowed a Duma to be formed to ideally voice the opinion of the people, repeated dissolutions occurred; Nicholas would not concede control over the passing of laws created by the Duma and imperial representatives were present and shared power in every Duma. This constant re-composition of the Duma and oversight led to disorder within the population. It is clear that this unreceptive attitude towards parliament and incapacity to hear the voice of his people fueled the direction towards the downfall of the Tsar.
Politically, it appeared that Nicholas was unconscious-or at the very least, apathetic, towards the growing revolutionary unrest occurring in Russia. The October manifesto allowed the creation of political parties and thus, the beginning of a whole new wave of revolutionary elements. Differing views by varying groups in Russia on how best to run the nation (soviet revolutionaries, Bolsheviks, Mensheviks) became arguably one the main grievances of the downfall of Nicholas. These revolutionary elements which were originally easily suppressed by Nicholas' secret police learnt from their failure in the 1905 revolution `dress rehearsal'. The differing parties and viewpoints succeeding in banding together to form the eventual majority Bolsheviks, and eventually achieved the 1917 revolution.
Socially, the people of Russia had much to face...