This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Assess The Impact Of The Gracchi On The Roman Republic.

1596 words - 6 pages

Few figures in Roman history had the unforeseen historical impact of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus. Their careers prefigured so much of what led to the fall of the Roman Republic, which Scullard conveys when he says that they "...precipitated the revolution that overthrew the Republic" . The Gracchi brought about huge political, economic and social changes, all of which impacted both immediately and created repercussions for the future. Their reforms had a powerful impact on the tribunate and the people's assemblies, divided the ruling class into two political groups, resulted in introducing the senatus consultum ultimum into roman politic, sanctioned the use political murder and violence and initiated civil war and riot. Paterculus says, when speaking of Gaius (but also for Tiberius):"He left nothing undisturbed, nothing untouched, nothing unmolested, nothing, in short, as it had been" . In this way it is evident that the Gracchi had a powerful impact on the roman republic.The Gracchi showed the way for future tribunates how the tribunate could be used as an instrument of change. They had used it to undermine the traditional powers of the senate and revealed the potential for ambitious men to promote their own political careers. According to Crawford 'the awfulness of the way in which the tribunate had been politicized the normally passive majority of the senate and produced a climate of opinion hostile to gradual reform' . On Tiberius' behalf this was achieved by bypassing the senate with the Lex Agraria. The immediate outcome of this was that "...the resettlement of citizens on land would at a stroke enhance the body of manpower available for legionary recruitment" Appian asserts that the Lex Agraria impacted by benefiting the Italians whereas according to Cicero: "...the Latins have been roused to anger, treaties have been broken, the commissioners are disturbing everything and devising something new every day, all worthy citizens are in a state of anguish". Tiberius also did this by deposing Octavius, receiving funding for the land commission and standing for re-election. All of these actions challenged convention and led to some senators, for example, Scipio Nasica, to believe that the republic was under threat. However, realistically there was no physical threat to the Republic, rather it was their traditional authority, that is, the personal status and power of the senate that was threatened. According to R.E Smith: "The Gracchi undid the revolution of centuries" by this manipulation of the role of the tribunate.In the same way, Gaius Gracchus also had a powerful impact on the roman republic. His reforms included "...giving the citizenship to all Italians, extending it almost to the Alps, distributing the public domain, limiting the holdings of each citizen to five hundred acres, as had once been provided by the Licinian law, establishing new customs duties, filling the provinces with new colonies, transferring the judicial powers from the...

Find Another Essay On Assess the impact of the Gracchi on the Roman Republic.

Sulla and the Downfall of the Roman Republic

2013 words - 9 pages soon as he retired and died, Rome was back into its existing state of political violence and chaos. All his work was for noting, he was unable to have a lasting impact on Rome besides a deadly precedent to follow. Therefore Sulla’s reforms aided in the downfall of the Roman Republic as he was incapable of making permanent changes in the Republic and provided an extremely deadly precedent to follow. History Professor from the University of Utah, Dr

Julius Caesar and the Fall of the Roman Republic

3531 words - 14 pages single man had ever documented in the Roman republic. Temples were being erected in his honor and he was being honored in ways that had never been done before. Caesar was becoming a living god in front of the senate. In order to stop his ascending reign, Caesar was executed. Based on ancient Greek belief, Caesar’s work as a man had already been done and he was awarded the title Divus after his death, symbolizing his apotheosis to divine status

How Caesar contributed to the breakdown of the Roman republic

1399 words - 6 pages Gaius Julius Caesar ( 100 BCE – 44 BCE) contributed to the breakdown of the roman republic through his political military by decreasing senate power, dismissing Rome’s aversion to monarchy, and his attempt to remove senate, military and religious authority, as well as his civil war; in which he overthrew the government and walked on the Rubicon river. The Roman Republic’s degeneration is Europe’s first case of the downfall of a constitutional

Julius Caesar: The Fall of the Roman Republic

1543 words - 6 pages The Roman Republic can be explained as the period from 509 – 27 BCE, which the ancient Roman civilization exemplified a republican form of government; where the supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives. During the Roman Republic, the 2 most powerful, and main branches of government included the Consuls and the Senate. It was the Consuls who held supreme civil and military control over Rome; however the republic had

Assess the impact on the EU of any of the 1995 accession states: Finland

2231 words - 9 pages influence on the EU was extremely limited, if not inexistent. Yet voluntarily or not, the country has had positive, but also more damaging, impacts on the EU's budget, institutions, foreign and domestic policies, not forgetting Finland's role in the evolution of some specific EU policies.As a Member State, Finland has had an impact on several specific EU policies since its entry. One of the most sensitive areas was arguably agriculture, for Finland

"Assess the impact of Nazism on the Army in the years 1918 - 1945."

1587 words - 6 pages Republic and demonstrated disloyalty to the Government. The Army was only used to crush left-wing uprising, different political views to the Army, and encouraged those who opposed the Treaty of Versailles. Whilst there is no impact of Nazism on the Army at this time, it is an important stage in the eventual impacts as it demonstrates similarities between the ideals of the NSDAP Party, and the Army. Both the groups were opposed to the Treaty of

Assess The Impact On The USSR Of The Great Patriotic War

1535 words - 7 pages Assess the impact on the USSR of the Great Patriotic WarThe Great Patriotic War had a huge effect on every country that was involved, but in this essay I will be looking closely at the specific effects on the USSR.First I will look at the economic effects of the German invasion. As the Germans advanced from the west, they took control over large units of Russian industry and agriculture, particularly when they invaded the Ukraine, where the

The Roman Republic: An Empire in Disguise

983 words - 4 pages If one were to make his way through the history of the world, he or she would learn about the many forms of government, and how they came to be. In the case of Rome, many historians would note it as having a period where it was a republic, and a period where it was an empire. When examined in detail, though, the Roman Republic fails to mirror a true republic. While it had republican qualities, it was ultimately set up to give the common

Roman Imperialism In The Late Republic

1039 words - 4 pages Romans desire to help and follow the spirit of the people. With following the spirit of people a government is open to corruption and the Republic wasn't inoculate to it."The thinking of the majority of [the Senate] was by now no longer guided by principles of -even limited- morality: such opposition as there was, to this most disgraceful act of Roman imperialism apart from the Gallic War, was obviously based to a large extent on reasons of internal

Julius Caesar and The Late Roman Republic

1069 words - 5 pages Julius Caesar was a general and a politician of the late Roman Republic. He greatly influenced the size of the Roman Empire before seizing power and making himself dictator of Rome, which paved the way for the Imperial system. (Julius Caesar 100BC-44BC, April 29th, 2014) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus was born on July 12th or 13th, 100BC into the prestigious Julius clan. He and his family were closely related to the Marion faction in

Assess the Impact of Fascist Rule on the people of Germany up to 1939

1440 words - 6 pages When Hitler became a dictator in 1933 following the Enabling Act, the lives of Germans changed completely. Fascist rule Germany had an obvious impact on the everyday of lives of the German people through out the 1930's. However, it is debatable how big an impact fascist rule had as for many people the Nazi's had very little do with them. This is evident when a German steelworker said: "I don't worry about the Nazi's any more. I just don't have

Similar Essays

Rise Of The Roman Republic Essay

987 words - 4 pages developed in the early seventh-century Greece and may well has spread to Italy via the Greek colonies in the southern colonies. A hoplite was a spearman with other armor included, that fought as a group not as an individual (Goldsworthy 2000) p. 34., thus this adaptation could very well of been what assisted the Roman army in there many successful conquests later on in the republic timeframe. With the introduction of the hoplite phalanx to the

The Fall Of The Roman Republic

1077 words - 4 pages Much ink from the historians’ pens has been spilled seeking to explain the reasons behind the fall of the Roman Republic. As Gruen notes, “from Montesquieu to Mommsen, from Thomas Arnold to Eduard Meyer…the Republic’s calamity has summoned forth speculation on a grand scale. How had it come about?” (1) Certainly, from one perspective, it can be said that the attraction of this event is to a degree overstated: it is based on the belief of the

Assess The Impact Of Social Media On Public Relations

2412 words - 10 pages Assess the Impact of Social MediaonPublic RelationsName: SHUAI WANGStudent ID: Z34740271. IntroductionThis article is to assess the impact of social media on public relations by a case study on the "PPA event" of TSKF. If the television has long been a cold medium, and social media can turn the television into a hot medium by a newer and more close means to make audiences interact with television shows and celebrities.(Mayer & Vicki 2011, p

Gnaeus Pompey And The Fall Of The Roman Republic

907 words - 4 pages Events which stretch as far back as the reforms of the Gracchi brothers’ meant that the Rome was facing a Republic that was already deteriorating before Pompey had stepped into power. While Pompey’s quest for power was harmful, many other factors were also baleful to the Republic, and were hence instrumental in its decline. Gnaeus Pompeius’s measures to gain power were harmful because it was primarily a paradox to the principles of being part of