Assess the view that the ageing population creates problems for society.
An ageing population is a growing number of people within a country who live beyond the standard working ages due to rising life expectancy and decline in mortality/fertility. This impacts the society by creating many different problems, which will be discussed in this essay.
Firstly, the elderly are more dependent on public services such as health and social care (including the NHS) in comparison to other age groups, resulting in a strain on these services. Although, it can be argues that this is due to the elderly requiring more medical and care attention since they are ‘old’ and do not exactly have the best health. The effect it has on society is that it reduces mortality rates at a younger age which, as a result, increases the life expectancy in these developing countries (for example, the united kingdom).. Tranter (1996) claimed the decline in death rates was due to fall in death from infectious diseases. It can be said that the medical improvements have played a role in reducing deaths because advances in the introductions of antibiotics, immunisation, blood transfusion as well as setting up the national health services in 194
In addition to increased expenses on health care, the ageing population may require changed to policies, provision of housing, transport and other services to suit their needs as well. The number of pensioners living by themselves in their homes has led to an increase in one-person pensioner households, accounting for 12.5% of households. One-person pensioner households have led to a shortage of houses for the younger working population therefore more money will need to be invested into building more houses, economically impacting the society. It has been researched that majority of these pensioners are females due to the prime reason that women generally live longer than men, and because they’re usually younger than their husbands. Donald Hirsch predicts that by 2041, there will be as many 78 year olds as five year olds which results in a more equal age group within the age pyramid. Most of the older population can be expected to be women, since the gender life expectancy gap is narrowing as women are enabled to have more rights, allowing them to focus on their career, ‘becoming the man’ in society rather than getting married and having children. This means that the reduced number of women starting a family endorses women to live alone in their own house. Feminists are pleased with this idea since it promotes female dependency although some may argue that it takes up the living space for the young costs a great deal of money to support those living by themselves. This affect society as it tampers with the life cycle...