Assess The View That The Collapse Of The Weimar Republic Was Primarily Due To The Appeal Of Hitler And His Nazi Party.

1976 words - 8 pages

Modern History Assessment"Assess the view that the collapse of the Weimar Republic was primarily due to the appeal of Hitler and his Nazi Party."The Weimar Republic was incepted after the fall of the Hollenzollern Dynasty in 1918, and was, from the outset, a government riddled with weakness and incompetence in a variety of crucial social, economic and political areas. This social democratic regime was vulnerable to a range of influences including that of the Nazi Party, which, through its charismatic and boisterous leader in Adolf Hitler, as well as its appealing foreign and domestic policies, gained an unprecedented amount of support. However, it was primarily due to the Weimar Republic's own failings that the Nazi Party became appealing, and as a result of the government's unsalvageable state of affairs, the Republic was finally brought to its inevitable demise in 1933, with Hitler at the ready to take the reigns.When the Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919 by the newly appointed Weimar representatives, the government was making arguably the most unpopular decision in Germany's history and as a result lowered itself into terrible political turmoil. The Treaty was seen by the citizens of the country as a blight on Germany's image as a great and illustrious nation steeped in a proud military history, and as a consequence of this widely held view, the Weimar representatives were tagged the "November Criminals". Much of the political backlash was due to the fact that the Allies were dictating to Germany the harsh terms of the war reparations, which was seen as absurd by many citizens that still held firm the belief that because hardly a shot was fired in Germany itself during the entirety of the war, that they could not have possibly lost in the way they were being led to believe. The exorbitant figure of 269 billion gold Marks put immeasurable restrictions on the Weimar Republic in its quest to rebuild the economy from the ground up, after the First World War virtually left the nation in a state of bankruptcy. It can be categorically stated that because of the Weimar's obvious economic problems and the public's unfavorable view of the government, that even in the early years of the Weimar, it looked like it was going to come to an inevitable collapse, and at this stage the Nazi Party were merely a blip on the radar.While the Weimar was attempting to pick up the pieces from the previous government, the citizens of Germany demanded immediate economic prosperity, and when their expectations were not met, their disappointment manifested itself into a terrible antagonism towards the republic. On top of this, the fact that Germany as a nation had a "rich monarchial tradition that had substantial success under authoritative moulds of government" which included the military might of Prussia, made it difficult for German citizens to accept the democratic Weimar, and its early failings only compounded this reluctance. "The problem which the Weimar...

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