Evaluating The Levels Of Processing Theory

779 words - 3 pages

Evaluating the Levels of Processing Theory

The levels of Processing theory was put forward in 1972 by Craik and
Lockhart. This theory came about after they criticised the Multi-store
model of memory saying it was too simplistic and descriptive rather
that actually explaining the model. This theory was an alternative to
the Multi-store model as it replaces the idea of Short term and Log
term memory. Levels of processing theory believes that information can
be processed at different levels at the same time. The deeper the
information is processed, the more likely it will be remembered.

There was a case of a man name KF and he had damage to the occipital
parietal lobe so he had damaged a part of his brain which meant that
he no longer had a short term memory as he could not process
information in it, however, he was still able to store information in
his long term memory. This does not account in the Multi-store model
and it was realised that there must e another route to the long term
memory. It was after this Craik and Lockhart put forward their Levels
of Processing theory. In their theory, they stated that rehearsal was
not enough and the Multi-store model was far too simplistic and the
depth of the information and what you do with it also affects your
memory. The depth of the information go from shallow to deep
processing. The levels are made up of structural processing which are
upper and lower class letters, Phonetic or sound processing which are
rhyming words and lastly semantic processing which is about the
meanings of the words. The experiment done in our lesson was about
different types of processing. Results of that showed that the
semantic processing was the one that we had processed the deepest as
we had to actually recognise and process the words into our long term
memory, and not just based on the appearance of the word. When
information is first processed, it goes to the sensory memory....

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