As of today’s date, the United States Census Bureau estimated the world’s population to be an astounding number of 7.151 billion, at around a growth rate of roughly 81 million annually, or 1.2% per year. On the other hand, nearly 600 years ago, the population was around 300 million (according to the CIA). Ever since improvements in agricultural productivity and medical advances, population growth has risen drastically over the years. However, when studies proved that it could possibly lead to detrimental scenarios like environmental degradation and poverty, some countries began to establish population control policies. Population control is defined as ‘a policy of attempting to limit the growth in numbers of a population, especially in poor or densely populated parts of the world, by programs of contraception or sterilization’ (according to dictionary.reference.com). Some famous laws include China’s One Child Policy introduced in 1978 and Family planning in Iran and India, causing some tensions between women's health activists and population control advocates. This report strives to examine the effect of human population control through global, national and personal perspectives, focusing on factors like abortion and sterilization.
Global Perspectives-Part 1
The global elite (politicians, central bankers etc.) speak of population control as much more “politically correct”, stressing the need to reduce the worldwide population. Roger Martin stated in an interview with the Guardian:
“…all environmental (and many economic and social) problems are easier to solve with fewer people, and ultimately impossible with ever more.”
Overpopulation is situation where the number of the existing human population exceeds the capacity that the Earth can carry. Some of the causes of overpopulation ranges from reduced mortality rate to better medical supplies. The discovery of agriculture has allowed humans to sustain their nutrition without the need to hunt. Improvements in Science such as vaccinations, medicines have cured many illnesses which would have potentially caused plagues and epidemics. Technological advancement in fertility treatment grants couples the ability to have a much more successful conception.
Unfortunately, overpopulation causes drastic and detrimental effects on our planet. They include:
• shortage of resources (water supply, food supply)
• social problems (War and conflicts, population density e.g.)
• species endangerment (Destruction of habitats, species extinction e.g.)
These complications take place because there is an addition of nearly 1 billion people on Earth every 12 years. These issues will only grow if there’s no solution.
Global Perspectives- Part 2
India launched its own national family planning program in 1951, which also became the world's first governmental population stabilization program. Up until now, it is estimated to have prevented 168 million births. In the early 1970s, the Prime...