Assessment Of The French Revolution Essay

1325 words - 5 pages

Assessment of the French Revolution

The radical phase of the French Revolution was the time when the Reign
of Terror began. The radicalism (change in political and social
condition of France) started with the emerged of republican (a system
of no king) view among the people of France especially the Jacobins.
Those who wanted republican became more active aiming to overthrow the
king by finding faults on him.

What they hoped was aided by King Louis XVI himself after he tried to
escape from France to join the émigrés forces over the frontier but
failed and his veto on several decrees such as decree by which I
January 1792 was the fixed day on which the émigrés must be return to
France or be sentenced to death, decree concerning non-juring priest
and the formation of an army to protect Paris had led him to be
distrust by the people and further strengthen the republican view.

Other factors that led to the radical phase was the external event
whereby with the Declaration of Pillnitz and Manifesto war break out
between the Great Powers , Belgium, Holland against the revolutionary
army. Internal event; revolt of the non-juring priest in La Vendee
against the Assembly (caused by the released of the Civil Constitution
of Clergy).

In Paris, the condition was in a state of confused, people were living
in fear and terror especially with the introduction of Law of
suspects. The conflict between the two different factions, Jacobins
and Girodins (both were revolutionary and had republican aim)
especially on the issue of war and the personal enermity between the
leaders of each factions. As the revolution progressed the Jacobins
secured the control of government Girodins denied this and launched an
attack on the Jacobins from the provinces. This was related to the
above statement whereby the two important parties that had led the
revolution began to fight against each other. Many thousands of
Girodins were guillotined including the leader Madame Roland.

The Revolutionary Commune in 1793 was controlled by a group which
wanted to carry the Terror to more ruthless heights and abolishment of
Christianity and with the introduction of non-Christian calendar and
converse the churches to Temple of Reason. This was where other
revolutionary leaders turned against them. Danton objected this idea
as he wanted to end of Reign of Terror with the success of the French
Army. Robespierre also opposed this as he felt that some form of
religion and belief in Supreme Being was necessary and he wanted to
sweep away the Revolutionary Commune which had become a rival of the
Committee of Public Safety which he was in controlled. Having common
opposition, Robespierre formed an alliance with Danton against the
Hebertist who was later guillotined on 5 April 1794. This proved the
above statement was true the...

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