Assignemnt Essay

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Content Page:What effect has Leopold Sedar Senghor made of Negritude?Little history of Leopold SenghorNegritude in all forms:Senghor's brand of NegritudeConclusionWhat effect has Leopold Sedar Senghor made of Negritude?What is African Discourse? African discourse in its essence is simply the different perspectives and interpretations on what is African and who is African. This definition correlates with the ideals of Leopold Sedar Senghor, one of the founding fathers of Negritude (Bouchard, 2009).With those two words in mind this proposal will set out to discover the effect that Leopold Sedar Senghor had on Negritude and ultimately shape what we now know and understand as African Discourse.Before dwelling into this question, first Negritude needs to be defined and understood. In the course of Negritude's existence there have been many definitions, but the ones I feel matter (in this context) are those concerning to Leopold Sedar Senghor and Aime Césaire. Césaire defines negritude as "simple recognition of the fact of being black, the acceptance of this fact, of our destiny as black people, of our history and culture" (Harney, 2004).For Senghor Negritude is "Quite simply the assembly of the values of the black civilization. It is not racism, it is culture" (Harney, 2004). As fore-mentioned the definition varied, Senghor and Césaire refined and sought was to apply this concept to the ever expanding universe. Negritude in the most common use describes "a library and ideological movement started by a group of young black, male students from French colonies who had come to Paris in the 1930s and discovered despite French colonial upbringing and their command of the language and culture, they were seen and treated as outsiders in the metropole" (Harney, 2004).Bouchard, 2009 defines Negritude bluntly as literary, Ideological, and political movement developed in 1930s by a group of Caribbean and African intellectuals. The term Negritude was first used by Césaire in 1935 (Bouchard, 2009).And finally Negritude is the rooting of Black identify and has the makeup of a natural African essence (Williams, Chrisman, 1993).Senghor's concept of Negritude is that there is a biological makeup that intern defines ones outer as well as inner traits, translated it means there is a shared culture and spiritual connection between the members of the African nature (Loomba, 1993).Small gathering had started taking place in early 1930s, but the complex discussions only reached a larger audience in 1948, when the publication of an anthology of poetry from African and the Caribbean which was edited by Senghor and prefaced by Jean-Paul Sarte.In the publication Sarte traced Negritude, and regarded it as the much needed awakening and the reckoning of black consciousness (Harney, 2004).Jean-Paul Sarte explained that negritude challenged the logic of the objectified gaze that the colonizer had in place on the confined colonized. Sarte felt that the...

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