Since the Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954, public schools entered a period of integration. Our schools are now experiencing resegregation. Looking at this issue, I have incorporated material from two sources, Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Race and Ethnicity (6th edition) and Racial and Ethnic Groups (13th Edition). I explored reasons for resegregation, if integration is and why, and possible strategies for integrating public schools in today’s world and if these strategies are realistic or not.
To understand resegregation it is necessary to understand segregation, integration and resegregation. These issues are not exclusive to the public schools but prevalent ...view middle of the document...
Several of these reasons are: the termination of busing programs, unfavorable court rulings, flawed school choice programs (charter schools) and poor school district structure (D’Angelo, 292).
All of these reasons are valid. I don’t see the return of traditional busing as schools already have cutbacks. Court decisions have a broad impact but results are long term. Charter schools are popular for some but “Charter schools are the most segregated segment of the school system (D’Angelo, 297). School districts are not standardized and are controlled at a local level, leading to inequities. Neighborhoods determine the student body composition; so schools will remain primarily segregated and subject to resegregation.
As a general rule, people would agree that integration of the public schools is beneficial. According to Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Race and Ethnicity, a growing numbers of black, Latino and Asian American students are finding themselves in intensely segregate schools and it is said that “These schools are just fundamentally different from other schools (D’Angelo, 296). Intensely segregated schools have lower graduation levels and students are less likely to go on to attend college (D’Angelo, 296).
“Public schools have contributed to racial inequities. The embrace of education as a basis for social advancement is a core value of American culture. So long as blacks, Latinos, and other students of color are subjected to low quality, poor-performing schools, their prospects for economic advancement and achieving equity with whites will continue to lag” (D’Angelo, 305).
Remove emotion from the issue and it is clear we would benefit from integrated schools.
There are several strategies addressing how to reintegrate today’s public schools. They include voluntary busing, inter-district magnet programs, and exploring school districting and the most ambitious strategy, increase the number of mixed...