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Group Work Stage Theory Essay

2415 words - 10 pages

Group work stage theory is defined as a “goal-directed activity with small groups of people aimed at meeting socioemotional needs and accomplishing tasks. This activity is directed to individual members of a group and to the group as a whole” (Magen, 1998, p. 123). By having a good definition of what group work stage theory is, we are able to understand the process. In doing so, this essay will describe each stage of the group work stage theory, and apply it to facilitation tasks, integrate it into the lab group that we participate in, and a critical reflection on how I believe I performed as a group work facilitator.
The first stage in the group work stage theory is forming a group. This stage is about the formation of a group plan. Corey and Corey (1997), describe this stage as being extremely important in terms of expressing the expectations and outcomes you will have of the group. This means that the better the planning, the better the outcome for the group and if the planning is lacking, it will show later in the group. In our particular lab group, our planning involved making a course outline for a parent help group who were having trouble with their children’s behaviour, or a group of young adults who were using drugs and alcohol. As the facilitators of the group, we had the task of coming up with a ten week plan together. Corey, Corey and Corey (2010), explain that careful thought and planning are necessary in order to lay a solid foundation for any type of group, which is something that should be considered when facilitating any of these two groups; or any other group, no matter the seriousness of the issue. The type of group that we were facilitating is known as a ‘formed group’. Garvin (1986) describes formed groups as a group that is there for the same reason. This helps to resolve or prevent problems identified by individual group members, in doing so this creates a mutual aid system in which group member’s end up helping each other (Garvin, 1986). This in terms of our already formed group, made it easier to plan and organise a ten week schedule, because we knew exactly what we had to cover. As a manager of the group, along with my classmates, our job included developing a clear proposal, presenting the proposal, making decisions, and organising ground rules (Corey & Corey, 1997). As a group work facilitator, I believe I was able to contribute to the development of the written proposal in a timely and accurate manner. In doing so, the group worked well together to stay on task, and complete the given tasks; which I believe is a core skill when working in a team (Boller, 2005). During this stage of the group work stage theory, I learnt that I needed to work on my skills at speaking up. I found it easier to keep quiet and agree, rather than speak up about something that I did not agree with. By developing these skills, I believe my personal growth as a leader will be easier to achieve (Maxwell, 2008).
The second stage of the...

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