Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia Essay

1222 words - 5 pages

Assisted suicide brings a debate that involves professional, legal and ethical issues about the value of the liberty versus the value of life. However, before conceive an opinion about this topic is necessary know deeply its concept. Assisted suicide is known as the act of ending with the life of a terminal illness patients for end with their insupportable pain. Unlike euthanasia, the decision is not made by the doctor and their families, but by the patient. Therefore, doctors should be able to assist the suicide of their patients without being accused of committing a criminal offense. This conception is supported by three points of view. The first point defenses the autonomy of people, which covers the right of people to make decision about their own life. The second point advocates the empathy for our fellow human and their dignity at the end of their life. Lastly, the voice of society which has been giving more support to assisted suicide and euthanasia in the last years.
The first reason to allow the legalization of assisted suicide is the autonomy of people. According to Ronald Dworkin (cited in Safranek 1998) right to autonomy is "a right to make important decisions defining their own lives for themselves." Therefore, right-to-die is associated with the right of people to make decisions about their own life. The controversy about this right is that might the patient is not in the right mental state to make choices properly. However, allowing doctors to assist a suicide provides necessary supervision of the process and to guarantee that the patient is in the right psychological state to make such decisions and also doctor can ensure that patient is aware of all the consequences that this implies. Price, A, McCormack, R, Wiseman, & Hotopf (2014) emphasize “mental capacity should be an important safeguard in any assisted suicide legislation”. Another opinion that influences opinion about assisted suicide is the role of the family and friend in the patient life and the making of decisions. Nevertheless, the right-to-die is based on the autonomy of humans, so nobody should assume that know better than the patient and nobody has the right to deny the last worthy choice of terminal illness patient. In conclusion, assisted suicide is supported by the right of people to make decision about their life provided the patient is in the right mental state to do it.
Another reason to legalize assisted suicide is the empathy for our fellow. For some people who suffer chronic pain or terminal illnesses, suicide is a more ethical and respectable solution than suffer great pain until the day of their death, whereby people should have the obligation to relieve their suffering and respect their dignity. Even if take a life should be considered immoral, let patients suffer during the remaining time of life, with no hope of a better future or alleviating the pain will end is inhumane. People judge assisted suicide according to how much pain and suffering patient...

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