Assisting children who have developmental disabilities with academics is crucial. One out of six children in the United States have some type of disability. The diagnoses process is the most important. Parents need a lot of information and support. Once diagnoses early intervention is recommended. These individuals need special help to succeed educationally.
Diagnosis of Developmental Disabilities
A child must be accurately diagnosed for any developmental disabilities. This is done when children are young. Parents usually see the signs of a disability. Developmental disabilities are the mental, physical, learning, or behavior “impairments that limit substantial functioning in at least three areas of major life activity” (Hardman, 2011). According to the Center for Disease Control (2013) states that one in every six children have some type of developmental disability. There are numerous types of disabilities ADD, autism, cerebral palsy, down-syndrome, epilepsy, intellectual, vision, etc. Specialist work with parents to determine what the child needs most to be able to survive.
Early intervention is a crucial stage after a child has been diagnosed with a developmental disability. Early intervention is a service for at risk and disabled infants or toddlers. This service assistances children with basic learning skills that begin in the first few years of life. Basic learning skills include fine motor, physical, social, cognitive, and self-esteem skills. There are programs that will educated disabled toddlers outside of their residence. These programs work with children from birth until the age of eight (NAEYC, 2013). Early intervention programs allows teachers and parents to stimulate child development and independence as soon as possible by modifying or decreasing the disability. Professionals that work with parents include speech therapists, physical therapists, physicians, and teachers. (Hardman, 2011). All of these professionals collaborate to create a program that works for the child.
Even toddlers can benefit from an individualized educational plan. Toddlers will be starting preschool and need the extra help to prepare. There is a program called Head Start which takes in disabled children before the begin public school. In 1992 Head Start had to hold ten percent of their enrollment for children with disabilities. Head Starts vision is that all children can succeed and reach their potential (NHSA, 2013). Every child can learn at his/her own pace.
Services for the Young Exceptional Learner
There are services for an exceptional learners. Exceptional learners are students who are handicapped, “gifted, learning disabled, emotionally disturbed, and physically disabled” (McGraw-Hill, 2008) and need help to reach their potential. It is important to find the best program that will benefit the child’s educational future. Parents need to look for programs that work with the individual needs of their child. If...