Assisting Integration Into Standard American English For Speakers Of Dialects Of English

3879 words - 16 pages


The English language has many varieties such as American English, Canadian English, Australian English, etc. Each of these have a standard form as well as additional dialects. Students who begin life with a dialect or vernacular other than Standard American English, though native English speakers, will often have a more difficult time adjusting to school. They may be misjudged as less intelligent, encounter prejudice, and face a more difficult time receiving the appropriate language reinforcement they need in order to thrive in the academic environment. According to Crochunis, Erdey, & Swedlow, “While most of us recognize that learning a new language presents challenges, we may not realize that for some children learning a new language variety (dialect) is one of the most daunting tasks they face in school” (2002, section III, p. 18 – emphasis added). In this essay, I will discuss the standard form of a language, dialects, creoles, and the difficulties or limitations they can produce. In particular, I will demonstrate the differences facing speakers of the AAE and ChE dialects, the effects on learning they produce, and possible ways to address and support those students in learning to function within the SAE world.

1. Explanation of Standard Language, Dialects, and Creoles

The standard form of any language is hard to define; one might say it is found “in the eye or ear of the beholder”. The standard of a language may be imprecisely defined as “the variety used in formal writing”, and by influential persons in the public eye such as national politicians and television anchors. Thus considered dominant in the given culture, it is also sometimes labeled the prestige form and may also serve social functions within that society. In this essay we will consider Standard American English; the diversity of its forms are essentially dialects – varieties of American English that differ in logical, systematic ways from each other and from the standard form.

A dialect is also difficult to define accurately, and in most cases, one is not more logical, regular or superior than the other. A dialect is a form or variety of a language, used by a certain population, with its own set of rules or structure, that is understandable to other forms of the same language (mutually intelligible). Dialects can be regional or social, and result due to the subtle changes in language that occur within social groups or geographic areas. The pronunciation (accent), phonology and syntax may vary, but the overall language form remains comprehensible to other dialects.

A creole, in contrast, is a form of language that ultimately develops when language forms that are not mutually intelligible are forced to function in close proximity. When the speakers of two distinct languages need to communicate, a basic pidgin may be formed using properties from both languages and simple grammar structure. It is always, at least, a second language to the user. However, once a...

Find Another Essay On Assisting Integration Into Standard American English for Speakers of Dialects of English

Integration of American Schools Essay

963 words - 4 pages that integration was happening. Although, integration actually divided people in a way. Intergration gave people the opportunity to not be racist and instead be progressive towards their country while it also gave people the opportunity to remain racist and uneducated. The constant fighting between those who agreed with integration and segregationists is one of the main things that made the fight for integration so difficult. Sadly, it was black children and parents who had to be wedged in the middle of the racial conflict in order to better American schools for all children.

Equity's concern for fairness can often invert it into its opposite. Courts of Equity - equity of redemption. English law

2187 words - 9 pages Equity's Concern for Fairness Can all Too Often Invert It Into Its Opposite.Equity by definition embodies a notion of 'fairness.' The Law of Equity, whose origins lie in the court of the Chancery, was conceived as a 'corrective system of justice, designed to supplement the common law by responding more flexibly and sensitively to the need for fair dealing and just outcomes '. The courts of Equity were able to remedy the sometimes 'dogmatic

Standard English essay about Macbeth

931 words - 4 pages "She should have died hereafter. There would have been time for such word. Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow. Creeps in this petty pace from day to day. To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools. The way to dusty death. Out, out brief candle, Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player. That struts and frets his hour upon the stage. And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound

Comparative Study Of Texts Module For Preliminary Hsc English - "American Beauty" and "The Great Gatsby"

1169 words - 5 pages The ‘American Dream’ is the belief that through hard work, courage and determination, an individual can achieve prosperity and wealth. In pursuit of this ‘dream’, individuals become unsatisfied, and discard values and morals in exchange for a materialistic façade.Through the reading of Fitzgerald’s novel, ‘The Great Gatsby’ and the viewing of Mendes’ ‘American Beauty’, an interpretation of

Critical Analysis of Theme for English B

655 words - 3 pages When I first read Langston Hughes' poem "Theme for English B", I did not particularly like it. But after reading it a second time and discussing it in class, I came to appreciate the poem on several levels. The way Hughes describes the setting of Harlem/New York is brief, but evocative. He also gives us insight into the thoughts and emotions of the main character, the young "colored" student, and ends the piece with several thought

American English

703 words - 3 pages immigrants from all around the world. We are a country of many cultural and racial ethnic groups that are constantly reacting to shape the American culture. The English language binds and unites immigrants with native- born Americans. English allows us to communicate with each other and discuss each other's views. The United States does not have the related bonds that other countries share like race, religion, and ethnicity. Ethnic separation based on

Standard English Log Book Featuring Other Related text: "Lifestyles of the rich and famous", Lyrics by Good Charlotte

718 words - 3 pages 1. Lyrics, "Lifestyles of the rich and famous" by Good Charlotte2. The physical journey depicted in the song "lifestyles of the rich and famous" by Good Charlotte shows us how street urchins worked their way up to the top to become the best they could be, which is of course, rich and famous.3. The key concept of the physical journey is to never give up even when your at the bottom of the food chain, there's always a chance, an opportunity for

Teaching Standard English in Urban Schools

866 words - 3 pages of the education of students with cultures that vary from that of the dominant culture are usually either underplayed or completely neglected. As it is shown, students with cultural differences are often being mistaken for students with learning disabilities or cognitive deficiencies, so it is paramount that these students become fluent writers and speakers of Standard English, but how can this be done? I have researched several books and

English into the world

588 words - 2 pages is evident in the changing nature of Tom as he grows up. In chapter 6, Tom finally reveals details of the accident which is shown in "Running towards the car. Running into the headlights..." The repetition of running establishes the urgency of the situation and that in this new life, Tom has the opportunity to overcome the adversities of the never ending suffering for him as memories still haunt him. The every present reality for Tom is

Need for Harmonization of International accounting standard.

1995 words - 8 pages Introduction (Need for Harmonization of International accounting standard) As there has been a tremendous growth in the market place with the existing accounting practices, this leads us to question why do we need harmonization of International accounting standards, what are its advantages and what are the barriers that hinder harmonization? Although accounting may be the "language of business," a common language has never been necessary -- at

Comparison/Contrast Between American Indians and English Settlers of Jamestown

606 words - 2 pages Over 400 years ago, the Powhatan Indians inhabited a place called Jamestown, Virginia. Their every-day life was disrupted, though, when, in 1607, a ship carrying men from England came to claim their land, making Jamestown their new capital. This could have been seen as a bright opportunity for both parties: the Powhatan Indians could have shared their knowledge of the land they occupied, and the English could have shared some of the skills and

Similar Essays

"The Evolution Of American Dialects" A Graduate Research Paper For A Graduate Level English Class

3170 words - 13 pages changed the spellings of several British English words to distinguish them as American words (106). Examples include tire for tyre, color for colour, and wagon for waggon.Similar to the Midlands, American dialect variety continued to level out as the population migrated west. The Western dialect shows a diffusion of the Northern, Midland, and Southern characteristics and is the youngest of all the American dialects (Labov). Excluding the Old

The Importance Of Standard English Essay

2026 words - 8 pages dialect is a subset of a language, usually with a geographical restriction on its distribution’ . In Trudgill’s view, as far as the dialect is concerned, another distinction between traditional dialects and mainstream dialects needs to be made. On one hand, the first ones are spoken by the minority of English language speakers and they are located in the most peripheral and rural areas. On the other hand, mainstream dialects include both Standard

All American Students Must Learn Standard English

1856 words - 7 pages children who show a deficiency in standard English usage. Such programs should be offered in addition to a full curriculum so that the student is in the position to catch up, not fall further behind. Truly, native speakers of Ebonics and other nonstandard dialects are at an educational disadvantage. Nevertheless, from a practical standpoint, the standard form of English will serve the African American community and other minorities far better than

(A) The Standard Of The English Language Among Malaysians

1109 words - 4 pages is very important to Malaysians. The standard of the English language among Malaysians have been declining. The declining standard of English among the young in Malaysia has been well documented. However, with English being an important language of knowledge and global competition now, the need to arrest this decline has never been more urgent. For example in the scope of education, according to former Human Resource Minister Tan Sri Dr Fong