Assumptions About Proper Behavior Essay

1241 words - 5 pages

The Iliad is a heroic epic poem, which depicts the events of the Trojan war. As discussed in class it was written by Homer, a significant ancient Greek poet sometime in the 8th century BC. The story appears to take place in the 13th century BC, yet mirrors the standard of living of the Dark Age (Early Iron Age).1 There are assumptions made in Book 9 of The Essential Iliad about proper human behavior, specifically about proper behavior during time of war; pertaining to warriors. It was assumed that warriors would conduct themselves in a particular manner, according to what was proper. Assumptions about proper behavior were made about the following: glory, honor, gifts, friends, the gods, women, and the public.
Obtaining glory during war was to be one of the main objectives for a warrior. Glory was important to a warrior, if they had obtained it was expected they acted accordingly to keep it. On page 56, line 193 Achilles “sang the glories of heroes in war.” Achilles himself was a hero, he was singing praise to those who had obtain glory. When cities were successfully raided heroes could loot them and and return with heirlooms, a way to demonstrate the glory they had earned.2 Achilles declares to his friends “my glory will be undying forever,” if he chooses to fight.3 He declared he would nevertheless set sail the following day, his friends were bewildered he would do so; since he would be forgoing the glory they considered so important as warriors.
The honor of a warrior was to be held in high regard. Honor was important, which was why Achilles friends: Odysseus, Phoenix, and Ajax partially understood Achilles ire, and refusal to return to battle. They do insist though that he “control [his] proud spirit,” in order to have the Greeks honor him.4 Being honored by the people was a goal the warriors had set out to complete. Achilles goes on to complain that Agamemnon was offering “everything except the prize of honor.”5 His friend counter by explaining to him that if he would forgo the gifts being offered, should he chose to enter battle later the honor would be less; whether he succeeded or not. The Achaeans honored Achilles as if he were a god, by refusing the gifts his honor was diminishing.6 They were attempting to make him see reason, he was behaving in ways that were not proper for a warrior.
If a warrior was insulted gifts were to be used to appease them. Agamemnon offered Achilles gifts,7 but to Achilles they were nothing which was contrary to proper behavior.8 Phoenix tells him he would not ask Achilles to forget his anger if Agamemnon had not offered gifts, but because he does Achilles should not scorn his friends; he is explaining what is considered to be proper during such circumstances.9 Agamemnon fulfilled his duty by offering Achilles the gifts, in return he was to accept them and fight; yet he chose to not do so which was seen as incorrect.
Friends were expected to be important in a warriors life, and it was to be shown. When...

Find Another Essay On Assumptions About Proper Behavior

Health Promotion and Teaching as Tools for Nursing

1476 words - 6 pages susceptibility or severity. 4. Costs of action, the client’s estimate of financial costs, time and effort; inconvenience; and possible side effects such as pain or discomfort. According to Edleman & Mandle (1998), assumptions for Bandura’s (1986) Social Cognitive Theory are: 1. Behavior is determined by expectancies and outcomes. 2. Behavior is regulated by its consequences, but only as those consequences are interpreted and

Explaining Ethics Essay

1296 words - 5 pages Explanation and Definition of Ethics:Ethics addresses in what ways it is morally proper to behave. However, in order to study the field of Ethics, or for the field of Ethics to even exist, two assumptions must be made. First and foremost, humans must have free will to make their own choices. The second assumption is that there are standards by which to determine what is right and what is wrong. The choices we make are supposed to be made based

Social Exchange Theory

984 words - 4 pages to make it. Thibaut and Kelly had two concepts in which they contributed to Social Exchange Theory; the first being about the nature of people and the second concept being about the relationship between two people. Since they focused in on these two topics, they also made assumptions about them. Their first assumption is that humans seek positive things like rewards and avoid negative things like punishments. The second is that human beings are

Pride and Prejudice//Wuthering Heights compare/contrast

625 words - 3 pages society placed a high value on appearance, etiquette, and social class. Elizabeth and her sisters attend many events such as balls where men court them. Catherine Earnshaw is the protagonist of the first half of Wuthering Heights. She’s introduced in the book as a ghost. Lockwood narrates the story and tells about her relationships to Heathcliff and Edgar Linton. Catherine is choosing between the two men. With Edgar Linton she acts proper and

Information Seeking Behavior of Users

1117 words - 4 pages establishing success and failure rates and allow for improving service. Assumptions During investigation into information seeking behavior, researchers usually accept several assumptions about the foundation of the user’s behavior. Though most models and research uses these assumptions, they are not guaranteed to affect all users or apply in every situation. It can be assumed information seeking is purposeful, cognitive, contextual, value

Diversity and its Effect on an Individuals Behavior - MGT331

1134 words - 5 pages taken seriously. If an individual is a bit older in their years and is able-bodied nothing should stop them from participating in new hobbies or activities that are normally reserved for the "younger generation".There is no denying, however, that an individual's age does allow for certain assumptions. For years marketing firms have used, among other things, age categories to determine likely behavior or buying patterns. That is because there is

Motivation Theory X

4369 words - 17 pages assumptions made regarding the "system" and individuals. In short, in Theory X (the most common management practice) management organizes all elements of production, motivates and controls employee behavior to fit the needs of the organization, and without this intervention, employees would be indifferent to changing organizational needs. McGregor further assumes that managers believe that the average employee is by nature indolent and lazy, lacks

Functional Equivalences

986 words - 4 pages Functional equivalence refers to the role or function that behavior plays in different cultures. One cannot assume that behaviors play the same role or function across cultures; therefore, assumptions made about the function of behavior in a cultural group must be verified. This concept extends to include the differences in people's perceptions about, and responses to, a particular product or activity according to their cultural features. The

A literature review of the four-frame modules - Management - Research Paper

1260 words - 6 pages frameworks concerning organizational view. Since people work in complex relationships, frameworks provide tools that allow a manager to internalize surrounding and people (Senge, 2014). Therefore, each frame contains assumptions that assist people to understand issues about corporations. This articles analyzes views from different authors concerning four-frame model a necessary managerial tool. Gaining extensive of the four framework offers an

Children: the final frontier for call phones

950 words - 4 pages communicate, and other changes and trends, and make more accurate assumptions regarding the changes of needs and expenditures. Children go through five stages of consumer development. Consumer development is the process in which young individuals learn the attitudes and behavior patterns appropriate to their social roles. (Foxell 2008). During the first stage, the infant is an observer to his parents’ actions. In the second stage, at the age of two

Key Success Factors - Organizational Culture

3379 words - 14 pages symbols.The beliefs that develop about these issues serve as the basis for role expectation to guide behavior, let people know what is proper and improper and help people maintain comfortable relationship with each other (Yukl, 1998). Robbins (1994) and others sustain too that the shared values determine in large degree what employees see and how they respond to their world (Robbins,1990; Robbins, 1994; Stoner and Freeman, 1992)When confronted with a

Similar Essays

Case Analysis Of The Human Enterprise

1500 words - 6 pages The Human - 1 - Case Analysis: The Human Side of Enterprises By MGT332 March 17, 1998 The Human - 2 - The Human Side of Enterprise All managerial decisions and actions rest on a personally held theory, or as Gayle Porter put it in his summary of The Human Side of Enterprise, "a set of assumptions about behavior. McGregor, the original author of The Human side of Enterprise, believed in two theories. The first one, theory X, dealt with the

Inquiry Vs Everday Assumptions Essay

3501 words - 15 pages formulated are not only vital, but the prerequisite to accurate research and inquiry of any type. Moreover, this understanding demonstrates how our own assumptions are the largest unseen obstacles to proper research. Accordingly, our thought unbiased research can often be feigned, inadvertently affirming concocted assumptions, and keen observation of today's society is to witness the pinnacle of this exercised behavior. One type of assumption we

Consumer Behavior Paper

926 words - 4 pages providing substantial benefits to individual consumers and profits for Procter & Gamble, raises resource use and disposition issues that affect all of society.It is important to note that all marketing decisions and regulations are based on assumptions about consumer behavior. It is impossible to think of a marketing decision for which this is not the case. For example, regulations designed to protect children from Understanding and properly

Assumptions And Limitations Of Students In Alternative Schools

964 words - 4 pages some students d) alternative schools are not successful in modifying disruptive behavior and improving academic performance because negative values, such as alienation of the student, teacher perception, stereotyping by teacher, lack of proper classroom management training, parent problems at home, e.g. drugs, abuse, etc. and, lastly, alternative schools enhance disruptive behavior and lower academic performance. Researchers who support these