Asthma And The Effects On African American Children Research Paper. This Was For My Bio 301 Class I Got A B+, But I Wasn't Trying That Hard.

1864 words - 7 pages

Asthma and the Effects on Urban African American ChildrenIntroductionA Child Who has Asthma Worse DreamImagine that you are a child that has to occasionally depend on a device to help you breathe …and that one evening you felt tightness in your airway and you begin wheezing and you look for the device that had often relieved your symptoms of asthma and you cannot find the device. You began to lose consciousness and you feel yourself losing the ability to breathe…you look around for help, but you remember that you are sleeping alone in your bed… again you reach for your inhaler only to remember your inhaler was left in your book bag which is draped around the dining room chair…you knew this day might come and now it has. You wish you can shout for help…but you cannot.What is Asthma? And Symptoms of AsthmaAsthma is a respiratory disease that can affect adults and children. Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs and is the most common long term disease of children in the United States, with a disproportionately higher incidence among minority children. Each day, 30,000 people have an asthma attack, 1,000 are admitted to the hospital and 11 people die (CDC, 2012). Asthma can cause repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and early morning or nighttime coughing. As indicated in the opening scenario of the introduction of the child having an asthma attack, the symptoms of an asthma attack can come on swiftly. Asthma has four levels (types) ranging from mild to severe persistent (Kaul, 2011).Mild - symptoms less than 2 times a week, no nighttime activity.Mild persistent- symptoms more than 2 times a week with nighttime activity.Moderate persistent- symptoms occur daily with nighttime activity.Severe persistent- symptoms occur every day with nighttime activity and patient is limited from activity.To fully understand what Asthma is we have to take a look at the structure of the human respiratory system.Figure 3-1The respiratory system is a complex series of spaces and passageways that conduct air into and through the lungs (Fig 3-1 Cohen, 2013).These spaces consist of the nasal cavities; the pharynx, which is the common to the digestive and respiratory systems; the larynx which is also called the voice box; the trachea and the lungs themselves, with their conducting tubes and air sacs. The entire system might be thought of as a pathway for gases between the atmosphere and the blood (Cohen, 2013, pg 403).Asthma Attack and the Causes of an Asthma AttackWhen asthma occurs in the body's airway the sides of the airways swell and the airways constrict. The airway tissue becomes inflamed, excessive mucus is produced and the bronchial tubes begin to spasm involuntarily, constricting the tubes, causing resistance to the air flow, making it very difficult for a person to breathe normally (pg 418). When a child has asthma they have the disease the all the time however they have asthma attacks when...

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