This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Astrological Beginnings Among The Greeks Essay

1504 words - 6 pages

Astrology and Astronomy were once a single science used for the same purpose: calculating time. Astronomy is the study and observation of the motions of heavenly bodies, and astrology, the study of the effects that the movements of these celestial bodies have on human affairs. Before the fifth century B.C., the Greeks, primarily sailors and farmers, used astronomy strictly to determine seasonal time. Even great thinkers and philosophers encouraged using the stars for practical purposes only, unaware that rising in other civilizations was a belief that certain constellations could do much more than assist in calculating the hour. Xenophon, who studied under Socrates in his early life (around 436 B.C.) said "...Sokrates told his pupils to learn astronomy only as far as needed to tell time from the stars at night..." (Lindsay, 68). By observing the positions of commonly known constellations, the Greeks were able to roughly estimate the time of year, marked and differentiated by each of the seasonal solstices. These estimates were by no means precise, as mathematical astronomy did not develop until late in the fifth century, but determining the position of a constellation above the horizon was beneficial to creating more accurate calendars. Most early data that the Greeks collected about celestial bodies was derived from Persian and Babylonian traditions and fables, as well as mere practical observation of the stars. In the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. many cities in which Greek scientists and philosophers lived were under Persian rule, exposing them to the budding ideas of those who lived farther east. This flow of information created a medium in which the Greeks could advance their knowledge and practical use of natural elements, and eventually adapt their own practices of astrology, beyond the restrictions of scientific astronomy.The Greeks, with their interest in the uses of astronomy growing, learned much elementary information regarding the heavens from civilizations that were already developing sophisticated systems in which to determine the distances between fixed stars and the horizon, an essential factor of astrology. "Once the idea of systematic investigation got through to the Greeks there were certainly large-scale borrowings from the East." (Lindsay, 67). The Persians and Babylonians, from whom the Greeks originally learned tales of constellations, were more advanced in their studies of the astronomy than Western cultures in the sixth century. The twenty-four hour day, for instance, was a concept from the Babylonians, determined by observing the rising and setting stars, in addition to calculating the moon's various positions in the sky. By recognizing the stars called the paranotellonta, which rose and set with the constellations of the zodiac but were not of them, one was able to determine where these constellations were in relation to the horizon, even if they were not visible. While the positions of the stars appeared to be always...

Find Another Essay On Astrological Beginnings Among the Greeks

The Greek Struggle for Independence Essay

1269 words - 5 pages On the 25th of March 1821, the Greeks’ fight for independence from the Turks began. After about 8 long years of numerous battles, Greece was able to gain their independence in 1829. Their independence would not have been achievable without the help of their allies, who were mainly the French, Russia, and Great Britain. The philhellenes, or Greece-loving people, in those countries would rally support for Greece, and their revolution was a success

Mediterranean Society Under Greek and Roman Influence

817 words - 3 pages empires encouraged cultural circulation, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. As Greece and Rome gained more territory within the Mediterranean society, they began to progress toward a more civilized order of humanity. How were they alike? How were they different? How did they each influence the western world? These questions imply the relationship between the social orders among the Greco-Roman civilization. Although

Greek War of Independence

1050 words - 5 pages interfere in the affairs of belligerents unless Great Britain was personally attacked. He and his advisors wanted to pacify Eastern Europe without angering their allies, Turks among them. The proclamation had stated, “And whereas The Ottoman Porte, a Power at Peace with His Majesty, is and has been for some years past engaged in a Contest with the Greeks, in which Contest His Majesty has observed a strict and impartial neutrality.” But this

Divine Intervention in Homer's Epic Poem, The Iliad

2205 words - 9 pages Greek-Trojan War.  She is the most constant divine supporter of the Greeks and divine enemy of the Trojans. Athena's function is to be a goddess of pro-Greek warfare.  She came to the aid of the Greeks many times throughout the war.  For instance, Athena came down from the sky to stop Achilleus from attacking Agamemnon (Steiner).  Andre Michalopoulous confirms this action by quoting what Athena says to Achilles

Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology

1879 words - 8 pages humans in trouble and give them guidance about the future. The Olympians influence men on earth both psychologically and physically. In Homer's epic poem, The Iliad, the intervention of such divine powers as Athena, Apollo, and Zeus play significant roles in the lives of the characters and the events of the Greek-Trojan War.Athena plays a very influential role in the Greek-Trojan War. She is the most constant divine supporter of the Greeks and

The Hyades Constellation

2225 words - 9 pages (Britannica School). For example, the seven brightest stars in Ursa are among the eight stars recorded by Ptolemy as being a part of this constellation (Britannica School). This supports how the brightest stars in the sky were always singled out and used over others. Although the constellations began as tools that had specific purposes, they evolved to represent a much bigger aspect of culture for the Greeks and Romans. Much of the evolution for

Odyssey Essay

1192 words - 5 pages Homer’s The Odyssey chronicles Odysseus’s return home from the Trojan War to reunite with his wife, kingdom, and son. However, Odysseus has been encountering serious difficulties that have prevented him from reaching home for nearly twenty years. These difficulties include various different types of monsters, each of which seems to embody undesirable traits such as laziness or savagery. The Greeks portray creatures with these traits as monsters

Ethnographic Interests of Xenophon

1490 words - 6 pages . The prominent theme of Anabasis is about the journey of the Greek mercenaries confronting the “barbarian” world. Xenophon documented the leadership and military tactics among the Greeks mercenaries during their retreat to their homeland. According to Xenophon, leadership was the important element of success and unification in ancient Greek culture. Xenophon admires Cyrus’s bravery and his leadership to the Greek mercenaries, “most of the troops

An Apologia of Xenophon

1285 words - 5 pages that they are almost home. But Xenophon’s position turned unfavorable after they arrived to the Black Sea. The critics of Xenophon have continually to grow through Book Five. A rumor was spread among the Greeks that “Xenophon wanted the army to stay and wanted to found a city for his own fame and power”. However, he defended that his initiative of this idea is only for the army’s own benefit and he claimed that his plan is to “found a city and

Greek Gifts

1825 words - 8 pages equality of all people.Atkeisson 3 The invention of drama being among the most important contributions to modern civilization has been brought to modern times by the Greeks. When Greek theater all started, dramatic competitions lasted four days, taking place outside open-air theater which can still be seen. These plays were so long that the audience had to bring food, wine, and cushions. Tragedy and comedy were also given to us by the Greeks. The

Astrological Emptiness in Steve Almond’s “The Problem of Human Consumption

985 words - 4 pages In Steve Almond’s story “The Problem of Human Consumption”, it revolves around the theme of loss, morning, and grief. Almond’s story focuses on a widowed father who is passed on to raise his daughter single handily. The story discussed a day in which feelings of morning and deception are brought out among the characters. The feelings of loss, morning and grief in this story have greatly manifested the way this story was written and interpreted

Similar Essays

History Of Astrology. Brief History. 800 Words. Discusses Relation Between Astrology And Astronomy And How People Relied On Astrology For Centuries

781 words - 3 pages predict the fate of nations such as war around 3,000 B.C. (Astrologers.com, 2000)Prediction was thought to be started by the Chinese, who were also skilled astronomers. Some experts believe that Chinese astronomy may extend as far back as 5,000 B.C. In addition, the Maya of Central America and the peoples of ancient India also practiced forms of prediction.Astrology also began to influence Greek life during the Roman times as well. The Greeks and

Scrying Oracles Of Divination Essay

1126 words - 5 pages , these mundane details give way to symbolic images, and finally, to moving scenes of events yet to pass (Crystalinks.com, para. 1,3). This type of foretelling has been in place for thousands of years and has been used by several different cultures such as the Ancient Greeks and Celtics. Their tools of choice consisted of a vast array of translucent objects such as beryl, black glass and quartz. (Crystals, para. 4-6). While crystal scrying relies

Athenian Influence On Modern Society Essay

1219 words - 5 pages where and how democracy originated, as well as how it was initially applied to daily life Greeks: Crucible of Civilization, a historical documentary, offers a view of ancient Athenian life and history in a way that allows for analysis and interpretation of our society’s beginnings. The evidence presented builds a foundation for present-day societal practices and beliefs. Rhetorical devices involve the viewer more directly with the story and help to

Astrology Essay

3470 words - 14 pages newspapers printed astrological predictions and the astrologers were taken up by both sides in the conflict with Lilly and Booker prominent among the supporters of Parliaments and George Wharton writing on behalf of the King. Some of the conspiracies against Henry VII drew on astrological advice, and all the Tudor Monarchs were made the subject of astrological calculation by dissident groups. In 1581 Parliament made it a statutory felony to erect