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Astronomical Disobedience Essay

744 words - 3 pages

Nonconformity is defined as failure or refusal to conform, as with established customs, attitudes, or ideas. A nonconformist is a person or thing that chooses not to conform to established customs or ideas. This person will bring either positive or negative change no matter what. An example of a nonconformist that brought out positive change through nonconforming is Galileo Galilei. Galileo was an Italian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who was mostly famous for the modernization of astronomy and his theory that the earth wasn’t the center of the universe. Even though Galileo was criticized and was called a heretic he stayed strong in what he knew was right in an act of civil disobedience.
Galileo was born in Pisa Italy on February 15, 1564. Galileo was the first born child to Vincenzo Galilei and Giulia Ammannati. His family moved to Florence Italy after living in Pisa for ten years. In Florence he received education at the Camaldolese monastery in Vallombrosa. Later on in his life he decided to study medicine at the University of Pisa to study medicine. While at Pisa he was introduced to the Aristotelian view of the world which may have given his firsts ideas as nonconformist. He became proficient in both mathematics and physics and because of this he was one of the first supporters of the scientific method. He believed that in order for a hypothesis to be considered true one must test it. This was one of Galileo’s controversial ideas.
At this time the Catholic Church played a major role in people lives and what they believed in. People were made to believe whatever the church said with the fear of being excommunicated from the church. Also, at this time the church openly believed that the earth was the center of the universe. But, Copernicus came up with the theory that the earth revolved around the sun. This theory challenged the church’s original teaching. Galileo openly supported this theory and didn’t care about the consequence.
In 1616, Galileo was given an injunction not to “hold, defend, or teach” heliocentrism. In 1632 he published a book called Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World, Ptolemaic and...

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