At&T And Alexander Graham Bell Essay

1793 words - 8 pages

Company Overview
In 1875 AT&T began its company, which was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. Graham had help in forming this global company from two men, Gardiner Hubbard and Thomas Sanders financially. Bell being the inventor tried and successfully invented a talking telegraph. In the few years to follow, Bell earned patents and in 1877 the three men formed the Bell Telephone Company to display the new invention, the telephone. In 1878 the first telephone exchange took place under license from Bell Telephone in New Haven, CT. Within the first three years, telephone exchanges existed only in major cities and towns in the United States and operated under the license, American Bell Telephone ...view middle of the document...

Some places got their first telephone services while others received competing telephone companies. But the multiplicity of telephone companies produced a new set of problems -- there was no interconnection, subscribers to different telephone companies could not call each other. This situation only began to be resolved after 1913.
In the early 1900s, AT&T started to enlarge it field of business as it started exports its products and services. Through the Western Electric Company, its manufacturing partner, AT&T sold hardware and connected companies. Through this they expanded their network and placed a lot more of there products on the world market. These companies also sold equipment imported from the AT&T and its subsidiaries. By 1914, International Western Electric Company locations included grew to over 12 of the largest cities in Europe, Asia, Australia and South America.
In 1925, Walter Gifford, new president of AT&T, decided that AT&T and the Bell System should concentrate on its goal to create a universal for The US, and so he sold AT&T’s stake in the International Western Electric Company to the newly formed International Telephone and Telegraph Company (ITT) for $33 million in 1925. Keeping only AT&T's interests in Canada. Although AT&T retreated from international manufacture, it tried to maintain an international presence through its drive to provide a global telephone service to customers in the U.S.
In 1927, AT&T commenced its commercial transatlantic telephone service to London via two-way radio. At first, these calls cost seventy-five dollars each for 180 seconds of calling time. Service spread to other countries, both via London and through direct radio links. Radiotelephone service to Hawaii began in 1931, and to Tokyo in 1934. Telephone service via available radio technology was far from ideal: it was subject to fading and interference, and had strictly limited capacity. In 1956, service to Europe moved to the first transatlantic submarine telephone cable.
Over the years AT&T's Bell System was rated the best telephone system in the world. The system made steady progress towards its goal of universal service. Fifty percent of America’s homes had a telephone by 1945, seventy percent in 1955, and ninety percent in 1969.
In September 20, 1995, AT&T announced that it was restructuring into three separate publicly traded companies. A systems and equipment company named Lucent Technologies. A computer company named NCR and a communications services company named which held onto the AT&T name. It was the largest voluntary break-up in the history of American business at the time. Lucent became independent on September 30, 1996 and NCR followed on January 1, 1997. The new AT&T began evolving from a long distance company to an integrated voice and data communications company, as an ever-increasing percentage of the traffic on its network was data, rather than voice, because of an ever-growing computer industry that...

Find Another Essay On AT&T and Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell Essay

1402 words - 6 pages inventor changed the lives of every person born to date. The president at the time, Ulysses S. Grant opened the Centennial Exposition with Emperor Dom Pedro by his side on May tenth 1876. Americas one hundredth anniversary was the impetus for a huge exposition celebrating the nation's industry and creativity, including Alexander Graham Bell with his remarkable telephone. The first long distance phone call was made between Brantford, Ontario and Paris

Alexander Graham Bell and The Telephone

677 words - 3 pages first fruits of my effort.” Alexander Graham Bell showed his inventive spirit at an early age and enjoyed exploring nature. He was eager to create, invent, and improve further ideas. In the summer of 1860, Bell went to spend a summer with his grandfather in London at the age of 13. Young Alexander was amazed when he saw Sir Charles Wheatstone demonstrate his machine that could pronounce human words. Later, Melville challenged his sons to

Biography of Alexander Graham Bell

1527 words - 7 pages Alexander Graham Bell had prepared himself to follow the professional footsteps of his father and grandfather in the teaching of proper articulation and the correction of speech defect. He became a teacher of speech to the deaf. Early in his training, his investigation into the nature of sound led him to study electricity. It was out of this work, together with his understanding of the organs of the organs of speech and hearing, which his

Alexander Graham Bell and The Invention of The Telephone

789 words - 4 pages Society from 1896-1904 (National Geographic). National Geographic sets out to inspire people to care about the planet and encourage conservation of resources, and wildlife. Alexander Graham Bell was a prominent man of his time and was honored with becoming the second President of the National Geographic Society after his father-in-law. AT&T began with founder Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone and became the parent company of the

Alexander Graham Bell: A Short Biography

1831 words - 7 pages conditioning, the audiometer (a device for testing hearing), and those are just some of his inventions. He also invented a surveying device using a water hose, and suggested devices for finding ice burgs and water depth. With all the stuff Bell invented, he never had an unsuccessful or unused invention. Today, Alexander Graham Bell’s family still runs the first telephone company-Bell. Bell owns a famous company- AT&T. He also receives a portion of

The influence Of Alexander Graham Bell

829 words - 4 pages Alexander Graham Bell the son of Alexander Melville Bell, and Eliza Grace was born on march 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. Alexander was born with two brothers Edward Charles Bell and Melville James Bell. Both Edward and Melville died from tuberculosis. As a child Alexander was home schooled by his father. He enrolled at Royal High School. At age 15 he completed his courses and left RHS. After leaving the school he went to live with his

Alexander Graham Bell, Inventor of the Telephone

834 words - 4 pages Alexander Graham Bell was a notable scientist and engineer that changed the world with his invention of the telephone. Without the telephone, everyone would not have a reliable communication device. Alexander Graham Bell is considered one of the most influential people in human history. Early Life ~ Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3rd, 1847 at his family home, 16 South Charlotte Street, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was born to Professor

Alexander Graham Bell & His Bright Ideas

1147 words - 5 pages accidental discovery. Bell sought for ways to improve America's communication system in general.Bell looked at each one of his trials as an opportunity for greater success. Alexander Graham Bell's life of achievement and innovation resulted from his willingness to try anything. Bell understood the value of man giving fancy free rein and learning from failure. Bell believed that there are no unsuccessful experiments. He believed that every

The Invention of the Telephone: Alexander Graham Bell

999 words - 4 pages here all communication is strictly with the mouth… and just fancy little children who have no idea of speech being made dependent on lip-reading for almost every idea that enters their heads. Of course their mental development is slow. It is a wonder to me they progress at all ” (Letter to Melville and Eliza, MS,). Alexander Graham Bell began teaching at Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts where he used his playful nature and

T-Mobile and AT&T Merger

1932 words - 8 pages For months, the prospect of a T-Mobile and AT&T merger has become more public. The prolonged merger discussion has left the public wondering if the acquisition will allow AT&T to completely rule the telecommunications market, leaving Verizon and Sprint in the dust. Mobile subscribers have been left unsure by the shocking announcement, wondering how their pockets and cellular services will be affected. With lawsuits being filed by both the

AT&T Mision Vision and Values

1425 words - 6 pages roots extend back to 1876, with Alexander Graham Bell's invention of the telephone and the founding of the company that became AT&T. As the parent company of the Bell System, AT&T provided what was by all accounts the best telephone service in the world. (AT & T, 2008) Years later, the Telecommunication Act of 1996 triggered dramatic changes in the competitive landscape. SBC Communications Inc. established itself as a global communications

Similar Essays

Alexander Graham Bell Essay

1010 words - 5 pages brushes, creating a simple machine for the use of dehusking the wheat. It was put into operation and used steadily for a number of years. As a reward for this machine Alexander and Ben were allowed to use a small workshop in which to invent. At a young age Graham learned how to play the piano and he became the family pianist. Bell also enjoyed doing voice tricks and ventriloquism, keeping the Bell’s guests entertained whenever they were present

Alexander Graham Bell Essay

1498 words - 6 pages Alexander Graham Bell was a notable scientist and engineer that changed the world with his invention of the telephone. Without the telephone, everyone would not have a reliable communication device. Alexander Graham Bell is considered one of the most influential people in human history. Early Life ~ Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3rd, 1847 at his family home, 16 South Charlotte Street, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was born to Professor

Alexander Graham Bell Essay

1566 words - 6 pages trips to Boston to lecture on “visible speech” (Schuman 39). Aleck’s father was offered a teaching position at the Boston School for the Deaf. He did not take the job but suggested that Aleck take the position instead. Alexander Graham Bell took the teaching position in April of 1871, and was on his way to the Boston School for the Deaf (Schuman 39).      Alexander Graham Bell’s, number one passion in life was helping the

Alexander Graham Bell Essay 1758 Words

1758 words - 8 pages rubber tube. When Alexander placed the talking device inside a plaster cast of a human skull and spoke through the tube, the skull seemed to be talking” (Streissguth). He started to find a way to replicate the voice at a young age which shows that he was trying to accomplish something that he truly desired. His talking machine shows that he did enjoy inventing things, and it foreshadows the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell had some good mentors when