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Atention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd) Essay

1038 words - 5 pages

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also referred to as ADHD for short, is a hereditary disease confirmed to be on the 16th chromosome. The most common cause for ADHD is through heredity, children whose parents were diagnosed with ADHD have a 25% chance of inheriting the disease from the parents. Another way of receiving ADHD is from an exposure to toxic substances such as tobacco products or alcohol during pregnancy give the child learning and behavior problems. Not only are substances a cause but even high lead exposure within the first three years of birth can cause symptoms of ADHD such as hyperactivity develop in a child. In some cases injuries to the brain from trauma, brain tumors and stroke can lead to a diagnoses of ADHD. However claims such as diet, vestibular dysfunction, over use of television and bad parenting have not yet been proven to be leading causes of ADHD.

ADHD can cause many symptoms which fall into different categories predominantly inattentive type, predominantly hyperactive-impulse type, and a combined type for those with symptoms from both classifications. Symptoms from the predominantly inattentive type, which is more commonly in females, being easily distracted, difficulties focusing, becoming bored with a certain task within the first five minutes of beginning, appearing not to listen when spoken to, difficulties following instructions, difficulties processing information quickly and accurately. Those with the predominantly hyperactive-impulse classification suffer from symptoms including fidgeting, constant talking, having difficulties remaining still, remaining constantly in motion, becoming very impatient, and remaining quiet during activities and becoming easily distracted. Those who suffer from ADHD with a combined type are more vulnerable to an addiction than those with a single type. ADHD can also cause children to move about uncontrollably and therefore hinders the child's overall ability to learn.

There are numerous current studies to investigate efficiency and safety of different treatment. However, despite all the current research only three treatments have been proven to be fully effective for child and adults with ADHD. The three treatments would be: behavior modification, medication and a combination of both to help with the symptoms of ADHD. However the medication has side effects such as appetite, headache, a “jittery” feeling, irritability,sleep difficulties, gastrointestinal upset, increased blood pressure, depression, anxiety, and psychosis or paranoia. The medicine used to help treat ADHD is methamphetamine (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Methylin) and only some amphetamines (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Adderall). Parents tend to be concerned about having stimulant medication prescribed to their child due the medication producing a “high”to the user. But however there are some medications that do not give off such side affects under medical supervision.

The patterns of ADHD...

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