Athens And Sparta Essay

1773 words - 8 pages

The cities of Athens and Sparta were two cities located in Greece that both had their own way of running their cities but both had a common goal of being the superior of Greece. Athens is the largest in Greece. The city was founded by Theseus and has been occupied by people for approximately 3,000 years. They were the leading city of Ancient Greece and have been recognized as a major contributor to western civilization. The city is very picturesque with many high hills and the displays of beautiful art can be witnessed throughout town. They placed much value on their cultural life and growing their society as entirety in various fundamental areas. The city took a plunge under the Byzantine ...view middle of the document...

They had 10 generals who were elected based on their knowledge and were the voice of the people. They worked alongside of the ruler to establish laws and ensure the structure of the city ran smoothly. However, Sparta government was called an oligarchy. This type of government is ruled by few. The government was only opened to certain people of the society. Sparta was ruled by two kings and five ephors who all had high social standings. The kings passed their crowns on to their chosen sons. The Kings ruled until they died but the ephors were

elected annually. The differences in the way the cities politically operated impacted and shaped the other aspects of their societies.
The way the two cities operated economically is another important factor when considering their impacts on the modern world. Athens was a city based on their ability of trade. The people often held titles of being artisans, poets, and philosophers. The city placed major emphasis on developing their people intellectually. This helped with their wisdom and enabled them to master trading. Athens became the most powerful of trading of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC. The foundation of the Spartan’s economy was agriculture. Sparta was located inland and they used that to their advantage. Due to their location, they were able to grow and produce things that other cities and places were not capable of producing. They used slaves to care for the land. Similar to Athens, they did trade but their major import was metal. They were able to use the metal to make tools to assist with their agriculture as well as to make weapons since majority of the men were warriors.
The culture of the two cities were very interesting because they had many similarities but as always had differences. They both believed strongly in religion and it was a major part of their daily lives and their values. Although, they worshipped different God, they both strongly believed in and practiced worship. The Athenians God was named Athena and the Spartans God was Ares. Their strong religious values, led them to have some very important values such as respect for their people and their land. They took care of their cities and took pride in their crafts. The Spartans took much pride in their powerful army and did everything possible to ensure that the army was well kept and available at a moment’s notice to defend the country of Greece. Athens, however, did not have a powerful army but they did have navy. This was an easy access for them to develop a strong navy because they were located by the sea. The army in the Spartan life, was their main focus. Boys were forced to join the army and become warriors. There were no opportunities to pursue education in other disciplines. They were warriors and that was their sole purpose. They were an obedient and physically strong society. On the other hand, Athenians were allowed to become educated in a variety of disciplines. They were not forced to join the military...

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