Athens: The History Of The City

1806 words - 7 pages

Athens: The History of the City

The Beginnings

The Athenians have made it their boast that they had never been conquered. Both Achaean and Dorian invaders passed them by, possibly because their rocky plain was far less fertile than the rich valleys of Argos or Sparta. Thus the Athenians represented, or claimed to represent, the purest and most ancient Grecian stock, descended from the gods themselves (Ellis). The initial name of Athens was Akte or Aktike, named after the first king, Akteos ( Her second name, Kekropia, came from the king, Cecrops, who succeeded Akteos by marrying his daughter. According to the legend, his lower body was that of a dragon. During his reign, goddess Athena and Poseidon were competing for the protection of the city and each one offered presents. Poseidon struck the rock at the Acropolis with his trident (the three marks can be seen behind the Erectheion) and a spring with salted water gushed up. With the blow also leaped the first horse, ready to serve the man faithfully, while Athena offered an olive tree. The legend tell us that all the men of Athens voted for the gift of Poseidon and all the women, for the gift of Athena. Because there was one woman more than the men, goddess Athena was selected and from her the city took her name.

The Era of Kings

Under King Cecrops, the city was founded with the name Athens 1550 B.C.? Cecrops built the city on a steep rocky hill that is known today as the Acropolis, and is also known as the sacred hill (Ellis).? Athens became one of the first city-states.?? A city-state consists of a city and the surrounding region ruled by a king.? Kings ruled the area until 682 B.C (World Book).? After rule by kings ended, elected officials called Archons ruled the city-states.? All of the Archons were male citizens who were elected to one-year terms.? Initially, there were only three Archons at a time, but eventually, that number increased to nine.? Once the one-year term ended for the Archon, they then joined a council of elder statesmen called the Aeropagus.? Council members served as judges in murder trials and prepared political matters to be discussed and voted upon.?

Another noteworthy king important in Athenian history was King Codrus, who reined about 1060 B.C. when the first Dorian invaders attempted to conquer the area known as Attica (World Book). The oracle at nearby Delphi predicted that, if the Dorians killed the Athenian king, they could not win the city. Due to this, King Codrus resolved to sacrifice himself. The Dorians avoided him in battle, so he disguised himself as a common soldier, went among the enemy, and, picking a quarrel with some of them, was slain. When the Dorians realized who the victim was, they withdrew from Attica without further struggle. The Athenians declared that no other king could be noble enough to take the place of Codrus, and therefore they would have no more kings (Ellis)

Era After...

Find Another Essay On Athens: The History of the City

Discusses Athens and Sparta in ancient times. Fights and government plus more. How both city-states resemble the US.

578 words - 2 pages live in barracks and receive military training from older boys. Boys went barefoot, wore minimal clothing (even in winter), practiced all forms of athletics, and received military instruction. They married at age 20 but continued to live in the barracks. The Helots provided the necessary food and labor for Spartan males and females.The form of culture of democracy had its roots in the ancient Greek city-state of Athens. In the ancient Greek city

History of the City of Hamilton

3912 words - 16 pages : Chronicle of a City. Windsor Publications, Canada.Dear, M., Drake, J. & Reeds, L. (1987). Steel City - Hamilton and Region. University ofToronto Press, Toronto, Ontario.Elliot, J. (1999). If Ponies Rode Men - The Journeys of Robert Land, 1777-1791. TheHamilton Spectator (Online Edition). []Evans, L. (1970). Hamilton - The Story of a City. Ryerson Press, Toronto.Henley, B. (1995). 1846 Hamilton. North Shore Publishing Inc., Burlington, Ontario.Weaver, J. (1982). Hamilton - An Illustrated History. James Lorimer & Company,Toronto, Ontario.

History of The American City On Suburbs

1673 words - 7 pages My generation has rarely had a positive view of suburban life. I used to attribute this to the fact that my peers had all grown up within city limits, and not just A city, but 'The City of New York'. It was my assumption that we looked down at suburbs because we had never lived there. Now, here in Chicago, nearly everyone I meet in their 20's lives in or at least used to live in a suburb. This is quite reflective of the massive city exodus that

The Golden Age of Athens

1340 words - 5 pages Greece’s Golden Age can be defined as a time of flourishing. Athens made the important decision of splitting itself from Sparta, who they constantly differed with. “It is from this split that the Athenian Empire was created” (Hunt 80). This split illustrates the certainty that the Athenians possessed in terms of creating a better nation. Athens developed an empire because democracy was expensive. In order for democracy to be created, you need an

Pericles, the unofficial leader of Athens

886 words - 4 pages public shows than simple talking, however he rarely appeared in public, and selected only the most important affairs to visit. He was often called "the Olympian", which means godlike. Using these methods, Pericles brought much to Athens and practically hasn't ruined the image of Athens as a democratic city-state.Indeed, Pericles accomplished a lot for Athens. Many people say that he was the one who led Athens to its Golden Age. Firstly, he used

The History Tells Us That The First Display Of European Democracy Begins, Arguably, Not In Athens But In SpartaThe History Tells Us That The First Display Of European Democracy Begins In Athens

2481 words - 10 pages The history tells us that the first display of European democracy begins, arguably, not in Athens but in Sparta. It seems quite strange that the very first features of democratic society came into the world exactly from this city which defined itself as the direct opposite of the " Open society ". But what really matter to us is Athens, where the earliest innovation of political equality was created, more thoroughly than in Sparta and where

The City of Ur

1337 words - 5 pages people exiled to the desert with no other possible place to go. However recently I read about a city in the desert named Ur which dates back to the 900bc making it one of the first cities in the world. The paradox of a city built in the desert as one of the first cities in the world is at face value fairly perplexing, however the deeper I looked into this city the more fascinated I became with its rich history and incredibly advanced structures

The City of Rome

1159 words - 5 pages hills has something unique about them. Palatine Hill, is the “central hill and where the city of Rome was founded by Romulus according to legend. Archaeological finds from the iron age of huts and primitive defensive walls around the hill. The Palatine remained the center power throughout the history of Rome, first with wealthy patricians, later the residence of the emperors” ( Capitoline Hill

History of Coventry City

2080 words - 8 pages recreational centres, but also as popular tourist attractions due to their breathtaking landscapes. Finally, benefits of the policy are twofold in that it protects both urban and rural population (Green Belt (United Kingdom), 2014). Coventry’s history dates back to the Bronze Age, when a first settlement was established close to the present-day city centre. During the Middle Ages, Coventry was considered to be one of the most significant cities in

Description of the The School of Athens by Raphael

889 words - 4 pages The School of Athens by Raphael is a complex painting with a fascinating composition. The subjects, building, composition and his use of color make it a compelling piece. This painting is extremely decorative and complex. With various tools, Raphael was able to emphasize different aspects and pull the viewer into the work. Because of the colors used in the painting, and the setting, this painting seems to be of religious or educated figures.This

The Peloponnesian War and the Decline of Leadership in Athens

3366 words - 13 pages , leadership was vital to the war effort because the city’s leaders were chosen by its people and thus, both shaped Athens and reflected its character during their lifetimes. The leaders themselves, however, are vastly different in their abilities and their effects on the city. Thucydides featured both Pericles and Alcibiades prominently in his history, and each had a distinct place in the evolution of Athenian empire and the war it sparked between

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Pericles In The City Of Athens

1154 words - 5 pages Imagine a general of immense wealth, integrity, and great perverseness. This description fits a certain person well: Pericles. Pericles was a brave man, and he did things to the best of his abilities. He was born a wealthy child, and of course used this to his advantage. He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had

The Acient City Of Athens Greece. This Report Is About How The City Of Athens Originated, How Urbanization Took Place And Monuments That Arose.

1642 words - 7 pages Athens, GreeceAthens Greece is considered the birthplace of western civilization. The site has been inhibited for over 5000 years. It is one of the first cities to display some form of urban planning structure. The city was built in central Greece which has an geographical environment that includes It is a collection of religious temples, theatres, political and market buildings. Even in modern day many of these structures have survived and been

The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens As A World Class City

1089 words - 4 pages The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens as a World Class City "It might be suggested the ability of the allies to pay tribute is the strength of Athens" (The Old Oligarch, I, 15). Indeed. It is this characteristic in particular of the Delian League that leads it to be rightfully called the Athenian Empire. If each state had maintained its own fleet, and sent it to join the League in its expeditions, they would have held on to a

Comparison Of Athens And Sparta. Focuses On Differences Between The Two City States I.E. Spartan Militarism Vs. Athenian Arts, Literature, Culture.

1545 words - 6 pages the Greekcity-states to unite, the Greeks were able to leave a long-lasting mark on western civilization.The two principle city states in Greece were Athens and Sparta. The two cities had littlein common. Sparta, located on the Peloponnesus was a militaristic society, which prided itselfabove all and foremost in its army, while Athens, which lay northeast of the Peloponnesus, was acenter of art, philosophy, architecture, and theater.The importance