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Athletes And Steroids Essay

496 words - 2 pages

Anabolic steroids are powerful drugs that many people take in high doses to boost athletic performance. Anabolic means "Body building tissue." Anabolic steroids help build muscle tissue and increase body mass by acting like the body's natural male hormone, testosterone.Lower doses of Anabolic steroids sometimes are used to treat a handful of very serious medical conditions. Anabolic steroids are the ones abused by athletes and others who want a shortcut to becoming bigger and stronger.In the past, steroid use was seen mostly in college, Olympic, and professional sports. Today, steroids are being used by athletes as well as non-athletes, in high schools and middle schools. Most major professional and amateur ...view middle of the document...

Athletes involved in weight training or bodybuilding. Anyone interested in building and defining muscles\Many people that take steroids take them orally, which is in a pill form. Others Inject them with a needle, which are at a high risk to get Hepatitis B and HIV. Some athletes take even higher doses, called "megadoses," to produce faster results. Others gradually increase the amount they take over time, which is called "pyramiding." Taking different kinds of anabolic steroids, possibly along with other drugs, is a particularly dangerous practice known as "stacking."Steroids can cause serious health problems. Many changes take place inside the body and may not be noticed until it is too late. Some of the effects will go away when steroid use stops, but some may not.Possible side effects for both males and females may include: High blood pressure and heart disease, liver damage and cancers, stroke and blood clots, urinary and bowel problems, such as diarrhea, headaches, aching joints, and muscle cramps, and many others.Possible side effects on only males include: Reduced sperm count, Impotence, Increase in nipple and breast size, and an Enlarged Prostate.Possible side effects on only females include: Reduced breast size, Enlarged clitoris, Increase in facial and body hair, Deepened Voice, Menstrual problems.There are many other types of steroids that are illegal without prescription; they include human growth hormones, which make you grow taller and faster. They also use many different painkillers that decrease the amount of time, but if active after taking the pills makes it worse when they wear away.To avoid testing positive, most athletes take diuretics, which help flush the steroids from the body.

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