Before one can define the impact of the three Atlantic Revolutions on Africa, one must look back to the prior decade before the American Revolution and discuss what led to it. History provides significant indicators that future wars and oppression of a vulnerable people often lead to nationalism and democracy in the 19th Century and beyond. Through European monarchs would lose much of its territories throughout the world, starting in the 18th Century. England would control the world’s gateways to trade, which would in turn led her to a dominate and peaceful Victorian age. One must study the seeds of the Revolution of 1763, The American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Haitian Revolution to properly answer their impact.
The year 1763 A.D. brought an end to the tumultuous World War between great European monarchs. The aftermath of this seven year war became the dominate theme of 1763. A world war is “a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world.” (Merriam-Webster, 2006). The seven year war involved Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal of Europe, which were the dominant world powers over land and sea. The conflict between neighbors would spread all over the world to four of the five remaining inhabited continents.
Many other governments joined this global conflict to include Prussia, Russia, Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Hanover, Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel Iroquois Confederacy, Hesse-Kassel, Schaumburg-Lippe, and Bengal Subah. This lengthy list of participants does not include the indigenous population of the Americas or the colonist who were well on their way “to form a more perfect union.” The birth of a new nation is at hand in 1763 while the Crown crafts legislative scrolls to control its rebellious offspring. The year 1763 is indeed one of the most important years in American history and arguably the most important step to there ever being a United States.
The American Revolution begins to struggle against absolutism and the birth of nationalism and democracy. The founding fathers embraced John Locke’s philosophy of enlightenment. The new Americans began to embrace the idea of shared power. It was the American Revolution that broke away from the monarch of Britain and wrote its constitution declaring its divine right for freedom, power sharing, separation of power to prevent dictatorship, and elimination of aristocracy. At the same time, African American slaves heard how the British banned slavery in their empire and that those who joined the British would be freed. Many African Americans joined the British; however, the British lost but not the idea of freeing the slaves.
America was the new republic that would be the gateway for resistance against absolutism all over the globe. Britain would lose its colonies, while holding on as an ever important trade partner with its former subjects. The war with Britain ended in 1783 and temporarily halted an undercurrent movement by African Americans to seek...