Plato much believed that the civilization of Atlantis existed (Writer873). The origins of Atlantis are written in Plato’s “Critias” and “Timaeus” (Plato). Written around 350s B.C., the main character Solon, travels to Egypt and learns of Atlantis by priests (Writer873). He claimed his dialogues to be true records (Atlantis Subplots). Timaeus explains Atlantis was the “island situated in front of the straits, which are by you called Pillars of Herakles; the island was larger than Libya and Asia put together” (Plato). It goes on further “Atlantis was a great wonderful empire which had rule over the whole island” (Plato). Through short explanations Timaeus ends Atlantis “defeated and triumphed over the invaders,” “but afterwards there occurred violent earthquakes and floods; and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike men in a body sank into the earth, and the island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of sea” (Plato).
Plato isn’t one for depth in Timaeus, but he vaguely states there was a battle against invaders and after Atlantis’ triumph the city falls in twenty-four hours from natural disasters (Plato). He doesn’t explain who the invaders were or if there were any possibilities for natural disasters to demolish an empire that stood for 9000 years prior of Timaeus being written. Fortunately, Plato wrote a second piece, Critias, to fill in most of the holes. Unfortunately, Plato never completed Critias.
Critias starts with a vivid description of Atlantis, similarly describing that of “volcanic island” (The Island). The war is stated to be against Athens and describes the “allotments” each ruler “received each one his own” (Plato). Then Poseidon is put in the picture and is said to “begat” five pairs of twin sons. The god then divided Atlantis in ten portions for each son and the eldest son received his mother’s dwelling. The eldest son would also be king over his brothers while the rest of the sons would be rulers. Critias then states Atlantis “now lies sunk by earthquakes and ha created a barrier of impassable mud” (Plato).
Though Critias is an incomplete transcript of Atlantis, it gives a lot of answers to what the Atlanteans were like. The secrets, including the culture, of Atlantis are fascinating in the way Plato illustrates the city. Atlanteans were far more advanced than any civilization during their time, not to be mistaken with Atlanteans being more advanced than any civilization during our time. Atlantis’ culture is explained in Critias by a great amount within it’s pages and it is extraordinary how the people behaved so civil and orderly back then.
The first thing the reader will learn in reading Critias is Atlantis is ancient, ancient as in 9000 years (Plato). It’s no wonder Atlanteans became far more advanced than Athenians and other neighboring ancient cities. The empire had time to form a stable society and conduct new ways to make life easier. The other detail in Critias is “Athens was in...