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Atomic Bombs On Hiroshima And Nagasaki In World War 2 Ap United States History

697 words - 3 pages

Let's BombThe atomic bomb created an explosion equivalent to 20,000 tons of TNT, which if used on people, would be morally abhorrent; therefore, the atomic weapon should not be used without sound reasoning. By looking at previous battles with the Japanese, the alternative to the atomic bomb, a land invasion, would result in a loss of millions of lives. The repercussions of not dropping bombs would be devastating to both Japan and the United States. The dropping of atomic bombs on Japan was necessary because the bomb saved lives of civilians and soldiers, the Japanese would not issue an unconditional surrender, and it showed the world our immense power.Dropping the bombs allowed the war to end sooner and with fewer casualties. In the case of an invasion of Japan, millions of casualties were expected. It was clear that the Japanese civilians were going to join the fight, so arguing that the atomic bomb brought unwarranted civilian deaths is incorrect. Children were being trained to ...view middle of the document...

Moreover, the Japanese believe that the most glorious and honorable way to die is in battle, because it will please the Emperor. The daunting task of invading, securing, and occupying Japan would be bloody and probably take years. The simplicity of dropping two atomic bombs, thus convincing Japan to surrender unconditionally, proved that using the bombs was a good choice.Before the bombing mission, we told the Japanese government that if they did not surrender Japan unconditionally, the United States would destroy Japan. To surrender unconditionally means that there is absolutely no compromise. This is a necessary foreign policy that the United States has because to compromise with belligerents or terrorists shows weaknesses that can be exploited. Japan was a constitutional monarchy, and could only have a surrender agreement if there was a unanimous vote in the cabinet, which included many military leaders and civilian leaders. The Emperor held the most political influence, because Japanese people worshipped him like a God. While he remained in power and against surrender, there was no way the conflict would be resolved peacefully. Even if America had tried to scare Japanese leaders by showing off the atomic bomb, it is unlikely a quick, unconditional surrender would have been made.There were political advantages of being the first nation to use build and use an atomic bomb. Because America could create destruction on such a large scale, our nation was basically protected against attack from any nation in the future. Nations would know us as a military superpower. Even before the war ended, American leaders expected to have a war with Russia in the near future. The atomic bomb showed our superiority to Stalin and the Russians. Some argue that the atomic bomb was the cause of the Cold War with Russia, but realistically, the Russians would have developed nuclear arms, the arms race would have occurred, and the Cold War would still take place.There was no perfect solution to ending the war with Japan. The choices were to compromise and appease, invade, or bomb, and using atomic bombs was the best choice then and now in hindsight. Also, if we had not used the atomic bomb on the Japanese and shown what terrible damage, death, and devastation it caused, Americans may have been the first target for this weapon of mass destruction in the future.

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